Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study)

Effective Learning Strategies; how to study; study skills

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Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study) by Mind Map: Effective Learning Strategies  (How to Study)

1. Hierarchies

1.1. Recognize different levels of information

2. Highlighting/ underlining

2.1. Mark important text

2.2. Difficult to make connections

3. Imagery for text

3.1. Form mental images of text

4. Inquire

4.1. Key questions & key concepts

4.2. Critical thinking

5. Insightful

5.1. New ideas

5.2. New understanding

5.3. Deep understanding

5.4. Creative

5.5. Unique

6. Interleaved practice

6.1. Different kinds of materials

7. Intent

7.1. Passion for subject

7.2. Determined to remember

7.3. Determined to learn

8. Key concepts

8.1. What's important?

9. Key questions

9.1. Inquiry-based learning

9.2. Purposeful

10. Keyword mnemonic

10.1. Keywords

10.2. Mental imagery

11. Logical

11.1. Sound reasoning

11.2. Part makes sense in the whole

12. Meaningful

12.1. Does it make sense to you?

12.2. Learn from general to specific

12.2.1. Start with outline

12.2.2. Add details

13. Organize

13.1. Structure information

13.2. Arrange and rearrange

14. Mnemonics

14.1. Visuals

14.2. Connections

15. Paraphrase

15.1. Your own words

16. Reflect

16.1. Process information in your own way

16.2. What you know about what you know

16.3. How you learn

17. Practice testing

17.1. Self-testing

17.2. Practice tests

17.3. Practice recall

17.4. Helps with future retrieval

18. Retain and recall

18.1. Recall information

18.2. Recreate mind map

19. Spaced repetition

19.1. See distributed practice

20. Rereading

20.1. Restudying material after initial reading

21. Review and reinforce

21.1. How much have you learned?

21.2. What needs additional work?

22. Self-explanation

22.1. Explaining how new information is related to known information

22.2. Explaining steps taken during problem solving

23. Simulate

23.1. Practice with new problems

23.2. Declarative knowledge (facts)

23.3. Procedural knowledge (process)

24. Student-directed

24.1. You're in charge of your own learning

24.2. Responsibility

24.3. Control of your learning

25. Subconscious

25.1. Sleep on it

25.2. Revisit later

25.3. Thinking "to go"

26. Summarization

26.1. Condense text

26.2. Capture important ideas

27. Teach

27.1. You colleagues

27.2. Other students

28. Think

28.1. While learning

28.2. About what you're learning

28.3. About how you're learning

29. Verbalize

29.1. Condense data into key concepts

29.2. Translate to your own words

30. Visualize

30.1. Pictures, colors, cartoons

30.2. Diagrams, charts, graphs

30.3. Bizzare visualizations/associations

31. Videos

31.1. Supplement reading materials with videos

32. Legend

32.1. Highly effective

32.1.1. Robust

32.1.2. Generalize widely

32.2. Moderately effective

32.2.1. Shows promise but insufficient evidence

32.2.2. Works for some people

32.3. Low effectiveness

32.3.1. Low utility

33. Resources

33.1. Blogs

33.1.1. Toni Krasnic

33.1.1.1. 5Ps of CLM

33.1.1.1.1. 1. Preview

33.1.1.1.2. 2. Participate

33.1.1.1.3. 3. Process

33.1.1.1.4. 4. Practice

33.1.1.1.5. 5. Produce

33.1.2. Cal Newport

33.1.3. Annie Murphy Paul

33.1.4. Scott H Young

33.2. Articles

33.2.1. Strengthening the Student Toolbox (Dunlosky)

33.2.2. Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques (Dunlosky et al.)

33.3. Books

34. Write

34.1. Write down what you've learned

34.2. Writing challenges you to organize your thoughts

35. Active learning

35.1. Interact with information

36. Analogies

36.1. This is similar to that

37. Associate

37.1. Link new information to existing knowledge

38. Big picture

38.1. Overview

38.2. Details

39. Breakdown

39.1. Break skills into smart parts

39.2. Practice, measure, improve

40. Chunking

40.1. Grouping information

41. Concentrate

41.1. Stay focused

41.2. Pay attention

42. Connect information

42.1. Connect the dots

42.2. How does it all connect?

42.3. Build new knowledge on existing knowledge

43. Connect with others

43.1. Interact with others students

43.2. Group work

43.3. Teachers

43.4. Parents

44. Cram

44.1. Studying the night before

45. Deliberate practice

45.1. Quality + Quantity

45.2. Highly structured

45.2.1. Improve performance

45.3. Requires

45.3.1. Focus

45.3.2. Effort

45.3.3. Time

45.4. Process

45.4.1. Motivated to improve performance

45.4.2. Build on existing knowledge

45.4.3. Immediate informative feedback on performance

45.4.4. Repeat until mastered

45.4.4.1. Not inherently enjoyable

46. Distributed practice

46.1. Spread out study sessions over time

46.2. Each subsequent phase reinforces the previous phase

46.3. Go back to what you don't understand

46.4. Don't cram

46.5. Longer intervals lead to longer retention

47. Elaborate

47.1. Work with extended information

47.2. Beyond class materials

48. Elaborative interrogation

48.1. Generate explanations

48.2. Why is this true?

49. Emotions

49.1. Heart

49.2. Feelings

50. Explain

50.1. Discuss with others

50.2. In your own words

51. Engaged

51.1. Interest

51.2. Curious

51.3. Critical thinking

52. Environment

52.1. Change study place

52.2. Slows down forgetting

53. Experience

53.1. Life is greatest teacher

53.2. Case studies

54. Feedback

54.1. See results of how you're learning

54.2. Adjust learning strategies based on feedback

55. Feynman Technique

55.1. 1. Explain idea as if teaching another student

55.2. 2. If stuck, go back to reference materials and relearn

55.3. 3. Explain idea again

55.4. 4. Explanations simple as possible

56. Filter

56.1. Choose important concepts

56.2. Eliminate the fluff

57. Flash cards

57.1. See practice testing

57.2. Flash cards

57.2.1. Quizlet

57.2.2. StudyBlue

57.2.3. FlashCardMachine