Film History

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Film History by Mind Map: Film History

1. 1930`s

1.1. Golden age of Hollywood

1.2. Sound, Colour, Talkies, Film Genres

1.3. Five major studios = escapist dream factories

1.4. Icons

1.4.1. Marlene Dietrich: "Blue Angel" femme fatale

1.4.2. Gangster Films

1.4.2.1. Realistic at Warner

1.4.2.2. Outside Hollywood, delayed due to censorship: Scarface (1932)

1.4.3. Universal`s Horror Films

1.4.3.1. Escapist entretainment

1.4.3.2. Tod Browning`s Dracula (Bela Lugosi) and Freaks

1.4.3.3. James Whale`s Frankestein starring Boris Karloff also at The Mummy.

1.4.4. Clarck Gable

1.4.4.1. Example of mega star

1.4.4.2. "It Happened One Night" fisrt removal of shirt on screen.. "Gone with the Wind".

1.4.5. Great Depression

1.4.5.1. Studios suffered financially

1.4.5.2. Realism and escapist entretainment

1.4.5.3. Grand Hotel with Greta Garbo " I want to be alone". set a pattern about telling stories about lives.

1.4.6. Fred Astaire and Ginder Rogers

1.4.6.1. Dance Duo, light sophistication, stylish backdrops, misunderstandings and dance numbers.

1.4.6.2. Flying Down to Rio, Swing Time.

1.4.7. Other Comedians

1.4.7.1. Mae West

1.4.7.1.1. Bawdy suggestive, combination of sex, verbal lust and comedy. "She done him wrong", "I`m no angel".

1.4.7.2. Marx Brothers

1.4.7.2.1. Anarchic comedians; "Duck Soup" surrealistic, anti war.

1.4.7.3. Laurel and Hardy

1.4.7.3.1. Popular comedic pair "Sins of the Desert"

1.4.7.4. Screwball Comedies

1.4.7.4.1. sophisticated comedy, battle of the sexes. "Bringing UP Baby".

1.4.7.5. Adventure films, Epics and Westerns

1.4.7.5.1. Tarzan the Ape Man (1932)

1.4.7.5.2. King Kong (1933)

1.4.7.5.3. The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938)

1.4.7.5.4. Western Film : Cimarron (1931)

1.4.7.5.5. Cleopatra (1934)

2. Silent period (1895 - 1929)

2.1. Working class pastime

2.2. 1914 America gain the upper hand after WWI

2.3. Inspired in the vaudeville and burlesque

2.4. Movements

2.4.1. German Expresionism

2.4.1.1. UFA studio in Berlin

2.4.1.2. Chiaroscuro, bold customes, irregular angles.

2.4.1.3. Examples: The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (1919),Metropolis (1927)

2.4.2. Soviet Montage

2.4.2.1. Use of the "shot"

2.4.2.2. Revolutionary potential, czarist rule.

2.4.2.3. Examples: Battleship Potemkin (1925), A Man with a Movie Camera (1929).

2.4.3. French Avant-Gardes

2.4.3.1. Dadaism, surrealism

2.4.3.2. Non narrative dreamscapes, symbolism and psychology.

2.4.3.3. Examples: Ballet Mechanique (1924), UnChien Andalou (1929).

2.4.3.3.1. Un Chien Andalou: Dali and Buñuel. Dreams about the eye and the ants. Symbolism.

2.5. Directors

2.5.1. Lumière Brothers

2.5.1.1. Cinematograph. 35 mm film and 16 frames per second

2.5.1.2. December 28, 1895 birthday of cinema

2.5.1.3. Examples: Workers leaving the factory and The arrival of a train at the station.

2.5.2. Georges Meliès

2.5.2.1. First fictional stotytelling

2.5.2.2. Pioneer in the use of optical effects, editing and lighting.

2.5.2.3. Example: A trip to the moon

2.5.3. Edwin Porter

2.5.3.1. Groundbreaking editing techniques, simultaneous parallel action, shifts in time and location, useof the shot more than the scene.

2.5.3.2. Example: The great train roberry; most successful movie before 1912.

2.5.4. D. W Griffith

2.5.4.1. New techniques, use of flashbacks, traking shots, realistic lighting, etc.

2.5.4.2. Examples; The  birth of a nation; brilliant but controvertial in its racism and historical relevance.

2.5.5. Thomas Ince

2.5.5.1. Inceville, first modern Hollywood studio

2.5.5.2. Model for Hollywood´s industrial mode production

2.5.6. Mack Sennett

2.5.6.1. Founder of splaptick comedy,: violent but harmless gags, romantic, social forces analized.

2.5.6.2. Charlie Chaplin began with him

2.5.7. Charlie Chaplin

2.5.7.1. First international superstar, wrote, directed and starred films.

2.5.7.2. Performed as "the tramp": pragmatic, courageous,romantic and vulnerable.

2.5.7.3. Examples: City Lights, Modern Times.

2.5.8. Buster Keaton

2.5.8.1. Brainy humor, philosofical. Example: The General.

2.5.9. Oscar Micheaux

2.5.9.1. Independent filmaker, represented minorities with black casts.

2.5.9.2. African american, directed, worte, produced and distributed.

2.5.10. Carl Theodor Dreyer

2.5.10.1. Directed the greates silent film ever: The Passion of Joan of Arc

2.5.11. Robert Flaherty

2.5.11.1. Founder of the documentary form; nonfiction events.

2.5.11.2. Examples: Nanook of the North

3. Hollywood as an Industry

3.1. Seeking for profit through production, distribution and presentation

3.2. The rise from 19th century to sound

3.2.1. Grew to an oligopoly

3.2.2. Vaudeville hall to nickelodeons

3.2.3. Came of sound made Hollywood stand

3.2.4. Warner Bros, Paramount, Loew`s and other became powerfull

3.3. The studio era 1930`s and 40`s

3.3.1. 5 theater corporations: Paramount, Loew`s, Fox Film, Warner Bros and RKO.

3.3.2. Theater ownershipdefined the status, the major studion controlled over 3/4 of the box-office.

3.3.3. The Little Three: Universal Pictures, Columbia Pictures and United Artists.

3.4. The TV broadcasting

3.4.1. Decline of the studio

3.4.1.1. The government foce the theaters to sell some

3.4.1.2. Suburbanization and baby boom

3.4.1.3. Existance of TV

3.4.1.3.1. provides a free entretainment, was cheaper.

3.4.1.3.2. Studios adjusted to auto theaters, and cinemas at the mall, colourimages and widescreen.

3.4.2. Move toward independent production, therefore director gains power.

3.5. The blockbuster in the 70`s

3.5.1. Continued to redefine, computers allowed that.

3.5.2. Cable, satellite and video defined the era.

3.5.3. Six Media conglomerates: Disney, Twentieth CenturyFox, Universal, Paramount, Columbia and Warner Bros.

3.5.4. Corporation hold the key over motion pictures.

4. 1940`s

4.1. Profitable Peak, highest theater attendance

4.2. More realistic

4.3. Quintessential

4.3.1. Casablanca (Humphery Bogart and Ingrid Bergman) wartime propaganda.

4.4. Anti-facist

4.4.1. Chaplin`s Great Dictator

4.5. B-Movie

4.5.1. off-beat, low budgeted, second tier, short, not for mainstream. (Monogram and Republic studios)

4.6. Greatest film ever: Citizen Kane (1941)

4.7. Film Noir

4.7.1. Gangster, detectives.

4.7.2. The Maltese Falcon (1941) with Humphrey Bogart

4.8. Howard Hawks

4.8.1. Known for his personal life, billionaire

4.8.2. The Big Sleep with Humphrey Bogart

4.9. John Ford

4.9.1. Started western films, its most important director.

4.9.2. Rio Grande

4.10. Maya Deren

4.10.1. Director and actress

4.10.2. American Un Chien Andalou "Meshes of the Afternoon" American avant-gardes.

4.10.2.1. Dreamlike, surrealist

4.10.2.2. Freud`s psychoanalysis and Jung`s ideas of myth and ritual. conscious and subconscious.

4.11. Hitchcock and Foreign Influences

4.11.1. "Rebecca" started everything for Hitchcock.

4.11.2. "Shadow of a Doubt" the favorite

4.11.3. David Lean`s importation of British to US

4.11.3.1. Great expectations (1946) and Oliver Twist (1947)

4.11.4. Jean Cocteau`s "La Belle et La Bete"

4.12. British Comedy

4.12.1. Ealing Studios

4.12.1.1. "Passport to Pilmlico" political satire

4.13. Lawrence Olivier

4.13.1. "Hamlet" won best picture and Oliver won best actor Oscar.

4.14. Italian Neo-realism

4.14.1. Misery of the times, lower class life.

4.14.2. Roberto Rossellini

4.14.2.1. Open City (Rome) 1945. Documentary-like

4.14.3. Vittorio De Sica

4.14.3.1. The Bicycle Thief (1948)

5. Modernism Literature

5.1. Who

5.1.1. Mainly British

5.1.1.1. James Joyce: Ulises

5.1.1.2. T.S Elliot (Poet) : The Waste Land

5.1.1.3. Virginia Woolf (Novelist): Mrs. Dolloway, To the Lighthouse, essays about women`s rights and suffrage.

5.1.1.4. D.H Lawrence (Different guy): Lady Chatterley`s Lover... has lots of sex.

5.1.1.5. Samuel Beckett: play  Waiting for Godot

5.1.1.6. Subsidiaries: Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, Wyndham Lewis.

5.2. Why

5.2.1. Responce to a lot of destruction and disruption caused by WWI.

5.2.2. Industrialization... new world, new art.

5.3. What

5.3.1. Nonlinearity of plot

5.3.2. Irony and satire

5.3.2.1. Mismatch of what`s going on and what should be going on.

5.3.3. Voices and consciousness

5.3.3.1. Consciousness:  Woolf and Joyce

5.3.3.2. Voices: Elliot

5.3.3.2.1. The Waste Land: Shakespeare The Tempest,Satiricom, Bibble, Tristan Opera, Les Fleurs du Mal, etc.

5.3.4. Allusions

5.3.4.1. Quote that suggested to look at other thing.

5.4. Doesen`t always make sense