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Matter by Mind Map: Matter
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Matter

This is just a demo map that you can delete right away, if you feel like it...

Ions

Charge particle

Positively charged, More protons than electrons

Negatively charged, More electrons than protons

Bonding

Ionic compounds, Transfer of electrons, From metal to non-metal, Conduct electricity, Only in molten or aqueous state, Held together, By strong electrostatic forces of attraction, In a giant ionic lattice

Covalent bonding, Sharing of electrons, Between non-metals, To achieve stable electronic configuration

Particulate model of matter

Size of particles

Small, discrete

Movement of particles

Constant and moving randomly

Particles of atoms in different states

Solids, Vibrate about fixed position, Closely packed, In an orderly pattern, Lowest kinetic energy, Strongest attractive forces

Liquids, Slide pass one another easily, Loosely packed, In a disorderly pattern, More kinetic energy than solids, Less than gases, Strongeer attractive force than gases, Less stronger than solids

Gases, Far apart, Moving randomly, At high speeds, Most kinetic energy, Negligible attractive forces

Changes in physical state

Heat gained

Leads to, Melting, Sublimation, Evaporation/Boiling

Causes increase in kinetic energy, In particles, Overcome attractive forces between them, Change in state

Heat lost

Leads to, Freezing, Sublimation, Condensation, Deposition

Causes decrease in kinetic energy, In particles, Cannot overcome attractive forces anymore, Attractive forces strengthen, Change in state

Atoms

Consists of sub-atomic particles

A neucleus, Containing protons and neutrons, Each have a relative mass of 1

Electrons surrounding the neucleus, Negligible mass

Electrically neutral entity

Equal number of protons and electrons

Isotopes

Atoms with more neutrons than protons