Lies along Pacific Ring of Fire
Country with most number of active volcanoes in the world, 130 volcanoes, 76 active, 54 dormant/extinct
Meru--> Mountain, Merapi = "Mounrain of Fire"
Violent eruptions killed over 1000 people in 1930.
In 1979 Lava poured down on several nearby villages, taking 149 lives.
In 1995, an eruption killed 30 people and injured 100.
Why do they want to live there?
How do they adapt?, Farmers cut the slopes into stepped flat lands called terraces, They then flood it to gorw rice crops., For emergencies, Transport is made available for people to flee the area in case of volcanic eruptions., A volcanic map has been drawn that guides people in deciding where to build their homes, Shelters are built to offer protection against volcanic ash in times of eruption., Masks has been distributed to people living near Mt. Merapi., Why?
Spectacular Scenery like, Lava Fountains, Its eruptions
Locals also earn money from providing services like, Conducting guided tours, Trekking trips up the volcano
They hire volcanologists to monitor volcanic activity on Mt. Merapi., One method is to collect gas samples, It is risky, but an important monitoring technique used.
Every time Mt. Merapi erupts, a huge amount of volcanic ash is released. It makes the soil fertile and helps crops to grow well.
They mainly grow rice, soya beans and peanuts.
People could die
Homes will be destroyed
Crops and livelihoods will be ruined.
The ash can hit areas as far as 100 km away, affecting even people living far away from the volcano.
Ash could cause:, Breathing Difficultues, Skin diseases, Diarrhoea, Serious eye infections
Destruction of building and roads
Fires caused by lava flowing across people's homes
Destruction of land used for farming and a loss of livelihood for farmers
A possible major eruption in the future may occur.