Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study)

Effective Learning Strategies; how to study; study skills

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Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study) by Mind Map: Effective Learning Strategies  (How to Study)

1. Distributed practice

1.1. Spread out study sessions over time

1.2. Each subsequent phase reinforces the previous phase

1.3. Go back to what you don't understand

1.4. Don't cram

1.5. Longer intervals lead to longer retention

2. Elaborate

2.1. Work with extended information

2.2. Beyond class materials

3. Elaborative interrogation

3.1. Generate explanations

3.2. Why is this true?

4. Emotions

4.1. Heart

4.2. Feelings

5. Explain

5.1. Discuss with others

5.2. In your own words

6. Engaged

6.1. Interest

6.2. Curious

6.3. Critical thinking

7. Environment

7.1. Change study place

7.2. Slows down forgetting

8. Experience

8.1. Life is greatest teacher

8.2. Case studies

9. Feedback

9.1. See results of how you're learning

9.2. Adjust learning strategies based on feedback

10. Feynman Technique

10.1. 1. Explain idea as if teaching another student

10.2. 2. If stuck, go back to reference materials and relearn

10.3. 3. Explain idea again

10.4. 4. Explanations simple as possible

11. Filter

11.1. Choose important concepts

11.2. Eliminate the fluff

12. Flash cards

12.1. See practice testing

12.2. Flash cards

12.2.1. Quizlet

12.2.2. StudyBlue

12.2.3. FlashCardMachine

13. Hierarchies

13.1. Recognize different levels of information

14. Highlighting/ underlining

14.1. Mark important text

14.2. Difficult to make connections

15. Imagery for text

15.1. Form mental images of text

16. Inquire

16.1. Key questions & key concepts

16.2. Critical thinking

17. Insightful

17.1. New ideas

17.2. New understanding

17.3. Deep understanding

17.4. Creative

17.5. Unique

18. Interleaved practice

18.1. Different kinds of materials

19. Intent

19.1. Passion for subject

19.2. Determined to remember

19.3. Determined to learn

20. Key concepts

20.1. What's important?

21. Key questions

21.1. Inquiry-based learning

21.2. Purposeful

22. Keyword mnemonic

22.1. Keywords

22.2. Mental imagery

23. Logical

23.1. Sound reasoning

23.2. Part makes sense in the whole

24. Meaningful

24.1. Does it make sense to you?

24.2. Learn from general to specific

24.2.1. Start with outline

24.2.2. Add details

25. Organize

25.1. Structure information

25.2. Arrange and rearrange

26. Mnemonics

26.1. Visuals

26.2. Connections

27. Paraphrase

27.1. Your own words

28. Reflect

28.1. Process information in your own way

28.2. What you know about what you know

28.3. How you learn

29. Practice testing

29.1. Self-testing

29.2. Practice tests

29.3. Practice recall

29.4. Helps with future retrieval

30. Retain and recall

30.1. Recall information

30.2. Recreate mind map

31. Spaced repetition

31.1. See distributed practice

32. Rereading

32.1. Restudying material after initial reading

33. Review and reinforce

33.1. How much have you learned?

33.2. What needs additional work?

34. Self-explanation

34.1. Explaining how new information is related to known information

34.2. Explaining steps taken during problem solving

35. Simulate

35.1. Practice with new problems

35.2. Declarative knowledge (facts)

35.3. Procedural knowledge (process)

36. Student-directed

36.1. You're in charge of your own learning

36.2. Responsibility

36.3. Control of your learning

37. Subconscious

37.1. Sleep on it

37.2. Revisit later

37.3. Thinking "to go"

38. Summarization

38.1. Condense text

38.2. Capture important ideas

39. Teach

39.1. You colleagues

39.2. Other students

40. Think

40.1. While learning

40.2. About what you're learning

40.3. About how you're learning

41. Verbalize

41.1. Condense data into key concepts

41.2. Translate to your own words

42. Visualize

42.1. Pictures, colors, cartoons

42.2. Diagrams, charts, graphs

42.3. Bizzare visualizations/associations

43. Videos

43.1. Supplement reading materials with videos

44. Legend

44.1. Highly effective

44.1.1. Robust

44.1.2. Generalize widely

44.2. Moderately effective

44.2.1. Shows promise but insufficient evidence

44.2.2. Works for some people

44.3. Low effectiveness

44.3.1. Low utility

45. Resources

45.1. Blogs

45.1.1. Toni Krasnic

45.1.1.1. 5Ps of CLM

45.1.1.1.1. 1. Preview

45.1.1.1.2. 2. Participate

45.1.1.1.3. 3. Process

45.1.1.1.4. 4. Practice

45.1.1.1.5. 5. Produce

45.1.2. Cal Newport

45.1.3. Annie Murphy Paul

45.1.4. Scott H Young

45.2. Articles

45.2.1. Strengthening the Student Toolbox (Dunlosky)

45.2.2. Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques (Dunlosky et al.)

45.3. Books

46. Write

46.1. Write down what you've learned

46.2. Writing challenges you to organize your thoughts

47. Active learning

47.1. Interact with information

48. Analogies

48.1. This is similar to that

49. Associate

49.1. Link new information to existing knowledge

50. Big picture

50.1. Overview

50.2. Details

51. Breakdown

51.1. Break skills into smart parts

51.2. Practice, measure, improve

52. Chunking

52.1. Grouping information

53. Concentrate

53.1. Stay focused

53.2. Pay attention

54. Connect information

54.1. Connect the dots

54.2. How does it all connect?

54.3. Build new knowledge on existing knowledge

55. Connect with others

55.1. Interact with others students

55.2. Group work

55.3. Teachers

55.4. Parents

56. Cram

56.1. Studying the night before

57. Deliberate practice

57.1. Quality + Quantity

57.2. Highly structured

57.2.1. Improve performance

57.3. Requires

57.3.1. Focus

57.3.2. Effort

57.3.3. Time

57.4. Process

57.4.1. Motivated to improve performance

57.4.2. Build on existing knowledge

57.4.3. Immediate informative feedback on performance

57.4.4. Repeat until mastered

57.4.4.1. Not inherently enjoyable