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HAITI by Mind Map: HAITI

1. Population: 9,719,932

2. Capital City Port-au-Prince: 2,143,000

3. 60% of the land is too steep for agriculture. But is still cultivated, increasing soil erosion

4. 80% of students in primary and secondary schools are overage

5. Half of the electricity produced is stolen

6. 3.6 million cell phones

7. 1 million internet users

8. 40% of all aid benefits Port-au-Prince

9. Haiti’s elite has historically opposed democracy

10. 2/3’s of government revenue is expended in the capital city

11. Many justices of the peace cannot read or write

12. 80% unemployment

13. HDI (Life expectancy, education, standard of living): Haiti .40; Sweden .88; Namibia .61

14. Is Haiti two countries? The republics of Haiti and Port-au-Prince

15. New York City police force is five times the size/ nearly equal population

16. 21.4 is the median age

17. 52% of the population is literate

18. In 1980’s 150 U.S. firms operated tax free in Haiti

19. Haiti has virtually no natural resources

20. Haiti has 14 ports/1 large airport, 13 small unpaved airports

21. Haiti was the richest and most coveted colony in the 18th century

22. U.S. is Haiti’s largest trading partner

23. 45% of operating budget is from foreign sources

24. Ratios for 10,000 people: 1.6 physicians, 1.3 nurses, .4 dentists

25. Health services are: urban, inadequate, and private

26. Forests account for 2% of the land. Fuel wood accounts for 70% of energy.

27. 40% of the population is under age 15.

28. Only 20% of Haitians have toilets/latrines

29. Rugged mountainous land, with very few plains.

30. Only 25% of population receives vaccinations

31. Coastal waters are overfished, but deep-sea fishing is underdeveloped

32. Haiti 7.1 earthquake

33. Life Expectancy: 52.19

34. Only 33% of teachers have diplomas

35. Fertility rate: 4.8…regional average is 2.8

36. AIDS orphans: Haiti has 200,000-230,000

37. Haitians in the U.S. send 3 million per day to Haiti

38. Only 10% get electricity/ Blackouts are common/ Most industries have private generators

39. 1 million internet users

40. Urban dominance/ rural exclusion

41. Seasonal migration to Dominican Republic (sugar-cane)

42. 80% of prisoners are not sentenced

43. 67 tons of cocaine goes through Haiti from Columbia to U.S. per annum

44. Prisons have no toilets or beds, little food, overcrowded

45. The Gini coefficient (Measure equality of distribution): Haiti .59; Sweden .23; Namibia .70

46. Foreign assistance tends to exacerbate rural-urban differences

47. President Rene Preval’s 5 year term ends on May 14

48. 52% of population is urban

49. Ghost employees abound in the civil service sector

50. Farm animals act as a savings account for marriages, schooling, and medical expenses

51. Over 50,000 vehicles in Haiti

52. Taps-taps provide transportation

53. Prosecutors are afraid to investigate crimes involving military

54. Police corruption is high: unsolved, unpunished crimes

55. Haiti has child labor laws-Must be 15- but in rural settings children are expected to workew node

56. 80% of women give birth at home

57. An old erroneous myth claimed that AIDS came from Haiti

58. Rural woman have 5.9 children versus 3.0 for women in Port-au-Prince

59. It is not unusual for men to have extra-marital relationships or polygamous marriages, if they can afford it.

60. Only 43% of 1st graders make it to 5th grade. 38 out of 1000 students in primary school finish secondary school.

61. Land size: 27,750 square kilometers (roughly the size of Maryland. Maryland’s Population: 5,773,552)

62. 90% of urban children have access to school, 23% of urban children

63. Remittances from abroad account for 15% of GDP.

64. 14th poorest nation in the world, #1 in the western hemisphere

65. The rich pay the fewest taxes

66. New 25% consume no animal products: meat or dairynode

67. Variable and extreme weather.