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HAITI by Mind Map: HAITI

1. Population: 9,719,932

2. Capital City Port-au-Prince: 2,143,000

3. Life Expectancy: 52.19

4. 60% of the land is too steep for agriculture. But is still cultivated, increasing soil erosion

5. Only 33% of teachers have diplomas

6. Fertility rate: 4.8…regional average is 2.8

7. 80% of students in primary and secondary schools are overage

8. AIDS orphans: Haiti has 200,000-230,000

9. Half of the electricity produced is stolen

10. Haitians in the U.S. send 3 million per day to Haiti

11. Only 10% get electricity/ Blackouts are common/ Most industries have private generators

12. 3.6 million cell phones

13. 1 million internet users

14. 1 million internet users

15. 40% of all aid benefits Port-au-Prince

16. Haiti’s elite has historically opposed democracy

17. 2/3’s of government revenue is expended in the capital city

18. Urban dominance/ rural exclusion

19. Seasonal migration to Dominican Republic (sugar-cane)

20. 80% of prisoners are not sentenced

21. Many justices of the peace cannot read or write

22. 67 tons of cocaine goes through Haiti from Columbia to U.S. per annum

23. Prisons have no toilets or beds, little food, overcrowded

24. 80% unemployment

25. HDI (Life expectancy, education, standard of living): Haiti .40; Sweden .88; Namibia .61

26. The Gini coefficient (Measure equality of distribution): Haiti .59; Sweden .23; Namibia .70

27. Foreign assistance tends to exacerbate rural-urban differences

28. Is Haiti two countries? The republics of Haiti and Port-au-Prince

29. New York City police force is five times the size/ nearly equal population

30. President Rene Preval’s 5 year term ends on May 14

31. 21.4 is the median age

32. 52% of population is urban

33. 52% of the population is literate

34. Ghost employees abound in the civil service sector

35. Farm animals act as a savings account for marriages, schooling, and medical expenses

36. In 1980’s 150 U.S. firms operated tax free in Haiti

37. Haiti has virtually no natural resources

38. Over 50,000 vehicles in Haiti

39. Haiti has 14 ports/1 large airport, 13 small unpaved airports

40. Taps-taps provide transportation

41. Haiti was the richest and most coveted colony in the 18th century

42. Prosecutors are afraid to investigate crimes involving military

43. U.S. is Haiti’s largest trading partner

44. Police corruption is high: unsolved, unpunished crimes

45. Haiti has child labor laws-Must be 15- but in rural settings children are expected to workew node

46. 45% of operating budget is from foreign sources

47. 80% of women give birth at home

48. Ratios for 10,000 people: 1.6 physicians, 1.3 nurses, .4 dentists

49. Health services are: urban, inadequate, and private

50. An old erroneous myth claimed that AIDS came from Haiti

51. Rural woman have 5.9 children versus 3.0 for women in Port-au-Prince

52. Forests account for 2% of the land. Fuel wood accounts for 70% of energy.

53. 40% of the population is under age 15.

54. It is not unusual for men to have extra-marital relationships or polygamous marriages, if they can afford it.

55. Only 43% of 1st graders make it to 5th grade. 38 out of 1000 students in primary school finish secondary school.

56. Only 20% of Haitians have toilets/latrines

57. Land size: 27,750 square kilometers (roughly the size of Maryland. Maryland’s Population: 5,773,552)

58. 90% of urban children have access to school, 23% of urban children

59. Rugged mountainous land, with very few plains.

60. Only 25% of population receives vaccinations

61. Remittances from abroad account for 15% of GDP.

62. 14th poorest nation in the world, #1 in the western hemisphere

63. The rich pay the fewest taxes

64. Coastal waters are overfished, but deep-sea fishing is underdeveloped

65. New 25% consume no animal products: meat or dairynode

66. Variable and extreme weather.

67. Haiti 7.1 earthquake