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HAITI by Mind Map: HAITI
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HAITI

Population: 9,719,932

Capital City Port-au-Prince: 2,143,000

Life Expectancy: 52.19

60% of the land is too steep for agriculture. But is still cultivated, increasing soil erosion

Only 33% of teachers have diplomas

Fertility rate: 4.8…regional average is 2.8

80% of students in primary and secondary schools are overage

AIDS orphans: Haiti has 200,000-230,000

Half of the electricity produced is stolen

Haitians in the U.S. send 3 million per day to Haiti

Only 10% get electricity/ Blackouts are common/ Most industries have private generators

3.6 million cell phones

1 million internet users

1 million internet users

40% of all aid benefits Port-au-Prince

Haiti’s elite has historically opposed democracy

2/3’s of government revenue is expended in the capital city

Urban dominance/ rural exclusion

Seasonal migration to Dominican Republic (sugar-cane)

80% of prisoners are not sentenced

Many justices of the peace cannot read or write

67 tons of cocaine goes through Haiti from Columbia to U.S. per annum

Prisons have no toilets or beds, little food, overcrowded

80% unemployment

HDI (Life expectancy, education, standard of living): Haiti .40; Sweden .88; Namibia .61

The Gini coefficient (Measure equality of distribution): Haiti .59; Sweden .23; Namibia .70

Foreign assistance tends to exacerbate rural-urban differences

Is Haiti two countries? The republics of Haiti and Port-au-Prince

New York City police force is five times the size/ nearly equal population

President Rene Preval’s 5 year term ends on May 14

21.4 is the median age

52% of population is urban

52% of the population is literate

Ghost employees abound in the civil service sector

Farm animals act as a savings account for marriages, schooling, and medical expenses

In 1980’s 150 U.S. firms operated tax free in Haiti

Haiti has virtually no natural resources

Over 50,000 vehicles in Haiti

Haiti has 14 ports/1 large airport, 13 small unpaved airports

Taps-taps provide transportation

Haiti was the richest and most coveted colony in the 18th century

Prosecutors are afraid to investigate crimes involving military

U.S. is Haiti’s largest trading partner

Police corruption is high: unsolved, unpunished crimes

Haiti has child labor laws-Must be 15- but in rural settings children are expected to workew node

45% of operating budget is from foreign sources

80% of women give birth at home

Ratios for 10,000 people: 1.6 physicians, 1.3 nurses, .4 dentists

Health services are: urban, inadequate, and private

An old erroneous myth claimed that AIDS came from Haiti

Rural woman have 5.9 children versus 3.0 for women in Port-au-Prince

Forests account for 2% of the land. Fuel wood accounts for 70% of energy.

40% of the population is under age 15.

It is not unusual for men to have extra-marital relationships or polygamous marriages, if they can afford it.

Only 43% of 1st graders make it to 5th grade. 38 out of 1000 students in primary school finish secondary school.

Only 20% of Haitians have toilets/latrines

Land size: 27,750 square kilometers (roughly the size of Maryland. Maryland’s Population: 5,773,552)

90% of urban children have access to school, 23% of urban children

Rugged mountainous land, with very few plains.

Only 25% of population receives vaccinations

Remittances from abroad account for 15% of GDP.

14th poorest nation in the world, #1 in the western hemisphere

The rich pay the fewest taxes

Coastal waters are overfished, but deep-sea fishing is underdeveloped

New 25% consume no animal products: meat or dairynode

Variable and extreme weather.

Haiti 7.1 earthquake