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Endocrine Glands by Mind Map: Endocrine Glands
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Endocrine Glands

Anterior Pituitary Gland

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) - stimulates secretion of estrogen/speratogenesis

Luteinizing hormone (LH) - stimulates secretion of estrogen and porgesterone/testosterone

Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) - stimulates thyroid to release thyroxine

Growth hormone - stimulates growth, protein synthesis, and fat metabolism

Adrenocorticoptropic hormone (ACTH) - stimulates adrenal cortex to release hormones (glucocorticoids)

Porlactin - stimulates milk synthesis and secretion from mammary glands

Hypothalamus

Antidiuretic hormone - tells kidneys to reabsorb more water (through posterior pituitary)

Oxytocin - stimulates contraction of uterine muscles during childbirth, milk ejection//sperm ejection (throught posterior pituitary)

Releasing and Inhibiting hormones - stimulates/inhibits release of hormones from anterior pituitary

Thyroid

Thyroxine - increases metabolic rate, regulates growth and development

Calcitonin - inhibits release of calcium from bones

Parathyroid (located behing thyroid)

Parathormone - stimulates release of calcium from bones

Pancreas

Insulin - decreases blood glucose levels

Glucagon - increases blood glucose levels

Ovaries

Estrogen - causes development of female secondary sexual characteristics and maturation of eggs

Porgesterone - stimulates devfelopment of uterine lining and formation of placenta

Testes

Testosterone - stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics and stimulates speratogenesis

Adrenal Gland

Adrenal Medulla

Epinephrine and Norepinephrine (adrenaline and noradrenaline) - increase levels of sugar and fatty acids in blood

Adrenal Cortex

Glucocorticoids - increase blood sugar

Aldosterone - increase reabsorption of salt in kidney

Testosterone - causes masculinization of body features

Others

Pineal Gland

Melatonin - regulates seasonal reproductive cycles

Thymus

Thymosin - stimulates maturation of cells of immune system

Kidney

Renin - acts on blood proteins to produce angiotensin, which regulates blood pressure

Erythropoietin - stimulates red blood cell synthesis

Heart

Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) - Increases salt and water excretion by kidneys

Digestive tract

Secretin, Gastrin, Cholecystokinin, etc. - control secretion of mucus, enzymes, and salts