The Human Body

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The Human Body by Mind Map: The Human Body

1. Allows movements

2. The Circulatory System

2.1. Main Organs include:

2.1.1. Heart

2.1.2. Blood Vessels

2.1.2.1. Veins

2.1.2.2. Arteries

2.1.3. Blood

2.1.4. Lymph Nodes

2.1.5. Lymphatic Vessels

2.2. Main Function:

2.2.1. Transports:

2.2.1.1. Oxygen

2.2.1.1.1. oxygen in the lungs gets diffused to the blood stream

2.2.1.2. Nutrients

2.2.1.3. Waste

2.2.2. Brings the specific delivery to its destination and brings the blood cells to the lungs for resupplying with oxygen

2.2.3. Regulates body temperature

3. Lymphatic (Immune) System

3.1. Main organs include:

3.1.1. Spleen

3.1.1.1. Located in the upper-left part of the abdomen under the rib cage

3.1.1.2. Mainly filters blood, removing old or damaged red blood cells to be phagocytized by macrophages

3.1.1.3. Also detects viruses and bacteria and triggers the release of lymphocytes in response

3.1.2. Appendix

3.1.2.1. Pouch of lymphatic tissue attached to the large intestine in the lower-right area of the abdomen

3.1.2.2. Doesn't really have a clear function, but it does release mucus into the large intestine

3.1.3. Thymus

3.1.3.1. Located just under the neck in something called the thoracic cavity

3.1.3.2. Made up of two lobes, each consisting of a medulla and a cortex

3.1.3.2.1. Cortex

3.1.3.2.2. Medulla

3.1.3.3. Is large at birth but shrinks in size, no one really knows why

3.1.4. Tonsils

3.1.4.1. masses of lymphoid tissue in the back of the throat and nasal cavity

3.1.4.2. Removing the tonsils doesn't really increase susceptibility to infections

3.2. Main function

3.2.1. Protects against disease

3.2.2. Stores/ generates white blood cells

3.2.3. Transports lymph, a fluid containing white blood cells, throughout the body to necessary areas.

4. Skeletal System

4.1. Main functions includes:

4.1.1. Supports and protect vital organs

4.1.2. Stores minerals

4.1.3. produces red blood cells

4.2. Main organs include:

4.2.1. Cartilage

4.2.2. Ligaments

4.2.3. Tendons

4.2.4. Bones

5. Reproductive System

5.1. Male

5.1.1. Main organs include:

5.1.1.1. Testes

5.1.1.2. Penis

5.1.1.3. Associated ducts and glands

5.1.2. Main function:

5.1.2.1. Produces reproductive cells

5.2. Female

5.2.1. Main function:

5.2.1.1. Produces reproductive cells

5.2.1.2. Provide environment for embryo

5.2.2. Main organs include:

5.2.2.1. Ovaries

5.2.2.2. Fallopian Tubes

5.2.2.3. Uterus

5.2.2.4. Vagina

6. Digestive System

6.1. Main organs include:

6.1.1. Mouth

6.1.2. Pharynx

6.1.3. Esophagus

6.1.4. Stomach

6.1.5. Intestines

6.1.5.1. Small

6.1.5.2. Large

6.1.6. Pancreas

6.1.7. Gallbladder

6.1.8. Liver

6.2. Main functions:

6.2.1. Break down and absorb:

6.2.1.1. Nutrients

6.2.1.2. Salts

6.2.1.3. Water

6.2.2. Eliminate some waste

7. Muscular System

7.1. Main function

7.1.1. Produces movement

7.1.1.1. Voluntarily

7.1.1.2. Involuntarily

7.2. Main organs include

7.2.1. Types of muscles which include:

7.2.1.1. Skeletal

7.2.1.2. Smooth

7.2.1.3. cardiac

8. Respiratory System

8.1. Main organs include:

8.1.1. Nose

8.1.2. Sinuses

8.1.3. Pharynx

8.1.4. Larynx

8.1.5. Trachea

8.1.6. Lungs

8.2. Main function:

8.2.1. Delivery of oxygen for cells

8.2.2. Expels

8.2.2.1. Carbon Dioxide

8.2.2.2. Water vapor

9. Integumentary System

9.1. Main organs include:

9.1.1. Skin

9.1.1.1. Secretes sweat for cooling

9.1.2. Hair

9.1.3. Nails

9.1.4. Sweat glands

9.2. Function:

9.2.1. Barrier against:

9.2.1.1. Infections

9.2.1.2. UV radiation

9.2.1.3. Changes in temperature

10. Nervous System

10.1. Main function

10.1.1. Regulates the body's responses to changes both:

10.1.1.1. Internal

10.1.1.2. External

10.1.2. Process information by using neurons to create impulses

10.2. Main organs include:

10.2.1. Brain

10.2.2. Spinal cord

10.2.3. Peripheral nerves

11. Endocrine System,

11.1. Endocrine System

11.1.1. Main function:

11.1.1.1. Helps maintain homeostasis

11.1.1.2. Influences:

11.1.1.2.1. metabolism

11.1.1.2.2. growth

11.1.1.2.3. development

11.1.2. Main organs include:

11.1.2.1. Hypothalamus

11.1.2.2. glands including:

11.1.2.2.1. pituitary

11.1.2.2.2. thyroid

11.1.2.2.3. parathyroid

11.1.2.2.4. adrenal

11.1.2.3. Pancreas

11.1.2.4. Ovaries

11.1.2.5. Testes

12. Excretory System

12.1. Excretory System

12.1.1. Main organs include:

12.1.1.1. Skin

12.1.1.2. Lungs

12.1.1.3. Kidneys

12.1.1.3.1. filters waste products

12.1.1.4. Bladder

12.1.2. Main function:

12.1.2.1. eliminates/excrete waste

12.1.2.2. Maintains homeostasis