The Human Body

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The Human Body by Mind Map: The Human Body

1. Allows movements

2. The Circulatory System

2.1. Main Organs include:

2.1.1. Heart

2.1.2. Blood Vessels Veins Arteries

2.1.3. Blood

2.1.4. Lymph Nodes

2.1.5. Lymphatic Vessels

2.2. Main Function:

2.2.1. Transports: Oxygen oxygen in the lungs gets diffused to the blood stream Nutrients Waste

2.2.2. Brings the specific delivery to its destination and brings the blood cells to the lungs for resupplying with oxygen

2.2.3. Regulates body temperature

3. Lymphatic (Immune) System

3.1. Main organs include:

3.1.1. Spleen Located in the upper-left part of the abdomen under the rib cage Mainly filters blood, removing old or damaged red blood cells to be phagocytized by macrophages Also detects viruses and bacteria and triggers the release of lymphocytes in response

3.1.2. Appendix Pouch of lymphatic tissue attached to the large intestine in the lower-right area of the abdomen Doesn't really have a clear function, but it does release mucus into the large intestine

3.1.3. Thymus Located just under the neck in something called the thoracic cavity Made up of two lobes, each consisting of a medulla and a cortex Cortex Medulla Is large at birth but shrinks in size, no one really knows why

3.1.4. Tonsils masses of lymphoid tissue in the back of the throat and nasal cavity Removing the tonsils doesn't really increase susceptibility to infections

3.2. Main function

3.2.1. Protects against disease

3.2.2. Stores/ generates white blood cells

3.2.3. Transports lymph, a fluid containing white blood cells, throughout the body to necessary areas.

4. Skeletal System

4.1. Main functions includes:

4.1.1. Supports and protect vital organs

4.1.2. Stores minerals

4.1.3. produces red blood cells

4.2. Main organs include:

4.2.1. Cartilage

4.2.2. Ligaments

4.2.3. Tendons

4.2.4. Bones

5. Reproductive System

5.1. Male

5.1.1. Main organs include: Testes Penis Associated ducts and glands

5.1.2. Main function: Produces reproductive cells

5.2. Female

5.2.1. Main function: Produces reproductive cells Provide environment for embryo

5.2.2. Main organs include: Ovaries Fallopian Tubes Uterus Vagina

6. Digestive System

6.1. Main organs include:

6.1.1. Mouth

6.1.2. Pharynx

6.1.3. Esophagus

6.1.4. Stomach

6.1.5. Intestines Small Large

6.1.6. Pancreas

6.1.7. Gallbladder

6.1.8. Liver

6.2. Main functions:

6.2.1. Break down and absorb: Nutrients Salts Water

6.2.2. Eliminate some waste

7. Muscular System

7.1. Main function

7.1.1. Produces movement Voluntarily Involuntarily

7.2. Main organs include

7.2.1. Types of muscles which include: Skeletal Smooth cardiac

8. Respiratory System

8.1. Main organs include:

8.1.1. Nose

8.1.2. Sinuses

8.1.3. Pharynx

8.1.4. Larynx

8.1.5. Trachea

8.1.6. Lungs

8.2. Main function:

8.2.1. Delivery of oxygen for cells

8.2.2. Expels Carbon Dioxide Water vapor

9. Integumentary System

9.1. Main organs include:

9.1.1. Skin Secretes sweat for cooling

9.1.2. Hair

9.1.3. Nails

9.1.4. Sweat glands

9.2. Function:

9.2.1. Barrier against: Infections UV radiation Changes in temperature

10. Nervous System

10.1. Main function

10.1.1. Regulates the body's responses to changes both: Internal External

10.1.2. Process information by using neurons to create impulses

10.2. Main organs include:

10.2.1. Brain

10.2.2. Spinal cord

10.2.3. Peripheral nerves

11. Endocrine System,

11.1. Endocrine System

11.1.1. Main function: Helps maintain homeostasis Influences: metabolism growth development

11.1.2. Main organs include: Hypothalamus glands including: pituitary thyroid parathyroid adrenal Pancreas Ovaries Testes

12. Excretory System

12.1. Excretory System

12.1.1. Main organs include: Skin Lungs Kidneys filters waste products Bladder

12.1.2. Main function: eliminates/excrete waste Maintains homeostasis