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English Grammar - Tenses by Mind Map: English Grammar - Tenses
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English Grammar - Tenses

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Past

Simple

Active, A: He washed it., N: He didn't wash it., Q: Did he wash it?

Passive, A: It was washed., N: It wasn't washed., Q: Was it washed?

Continuous

Active, A: He was washing the car., N: He wasn't washing the car., Q: Was he washing the car?

Passive, A: It was being washed., N: It wasn't being washed., Q: was it being washed?

Perfect

Simple, Active, A: He'd washed it., N: He hadn't washed it., Q: Had he washed it?, Passive, A: It'd been washed., N: It hadn't been washed., Q: Had it been washed?

Continuous, Active, A: It'd been raining., N: It hadn't been raining., Q: Had it been raining?, Passive

Future

Planned

Active, A: I'm going to wash the car., N: I'm not going to wash the car., Q: Are you going to wash the car?

Passive, A: The car is going to be washed., N: The car isn't going to be washed., Q: Is the car going to be washed?

Unplanned

Active, A: I will wash the car., N: I won't wash the car., Q: Will you wash the car?

Passive, A: The car will be washed., N: The car won't be washed., Q: Will the car be washed?

Perfect

Simple, Acitve, A: I will have washed the car 500 times in March., N: I won't have washed the car 500 times by February., Q: Will you have washed the car 500 times by March?, Passive, A: The car will have been washed 500 times by March., N: The car won't have been washed 500 times by February., Q: Will the car have been washed 500 times by March?

Continuous, A: I will have been washing that car for five years this June., N: I won't have been washing that car for five years in March., Q: Will you have been washing that car for five years in March?

Present

Simple

Passive, A: It's washed., N: It's not washed., Q: Is it washed?

Active, A: He washed the car., N: He doesn't wash the car., Q: Does he wash the car?

Continuous

Active, A: He's washing it., N: He isn't washing it., Q: Is he washing it?

Passive, A: It's being washed., N: It's not being washed., Q: Is it being washed?

Perfect

Simple, Active, A: He's washed it., N: He hasn't washed it., Q: Has he washed it?, Passive, A: It's been washed., N: It hasn't been washed., Q: Has it been washed?

Continuous, Active, A: He's been washing the car., N: He's not been washing the car., Q: Has he been washing the car?, Passive

Conditionals

Zero (certain)

If present tense, present tense.

A: If it rains, the road becomes wet.

N: If it does not rain, people wear sunglasses.

Q: If it rains, does the road become wet?

First (likely)

If present tense, will/going to ....

A: If it rains, drivers will slow down.

N: If it does not rain, drivers will go faster.

Q: If it rains, will drivers slow down?

Second (unlikely)

If past simple/continuous, would ....

A: If it rained, my clothes would be ruined.

N: If it did not rain, my clothes would be dry.

Q: If it rained, would my clothes be ok?

Third (impossible)

If past perfect, would have ....

A: If it had rained on Friday, it would have ruined the carnival.

N: If it had not rained on Friday, we would have had a picnic.

Q: If it had rained on Friday, would we have gone out?

Modals

Can

A: I can wash the car.

N: I can't wash the car.

Q: Can you wash the car?

Could

A: I could wash the car.

N: I couldn't wash the car.

Q: Could you wash the car?

May

A: I may wash the car.

N: I may not wash the car.

Q: May I wash the car?

Might

A: I might wash the car.

N: I might not wash the car.

Q: Might I wash the car?

Must

A: I must wash the car.

N: I must not wash the car.

Q: Must I wash the car?

Ought to

A: I ought to wash the car.

N: I ought not wash the car.

Q: -

Shall

A: I shall wash the car.

N: I shall not wash the car.

Q: Shall I wash the car?

Should

A: I should wash the car.

N: I shouldn't wash the car.

Q: Should I wash the car?

Would

A: I'd wash the car.

N: I wouldn't wash the car.

Q: Would you wash the car?