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Andrew Maye's Mind Map Vocab Project by Mind Map: Andrew Maye's Mind Map Vocab Project
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Andrew Maye's Mind Map Vocab Project

Levels Of Organization

Organism

Any form of life.  

Population

Group of individuals of the same species found in a given area or located in te same area

Community

Population of living organisms that intereact with one another in an ecosysten

Ecosystem

group of living organisms that interact with one another and the non-living physical envrioment as one unit.

Biome

Geographic region of Earth that is inhabited by a community of distance types of plant and animal species

Biosphere

Layer of soil, water, and air that sustains life.

Energy Flow in Ecosystems

Food Web

A system of interlocking and interdependent food chains in an ecosystem

Food Chain

A diagram that shows energy transfer in an ecosystem

Producers

An organism that creates energy through photosynthesis or through gases in the deep ocean floor. Producers are also called autotrophs.

Primary Consumers

The organism that eats or consumes the producer.

Secondary Consumers

The organism that eats or consumes the primary consumer

Tertiary Consumers

The organism that eats or consumes the secondary consumer.

Trophic Levels

A level in a pyramid of an ecosystem, contains organisms with similar feeding habits.

Biomes

Rainforest

a forest with a minimum rainfall of about 70 inches. About 40-75% of species are indigenuos to rainforests

Temperate Deciduous Forest

Biome found in eastern or wester U.S. Consists of trees that lose their leaves every year

Coniferous Forest

biome found it temperate regions of the world, has cool winters and warm summers.

Desert

biome with extremely low amount of precipitation

Tundra

biome in which tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons

Grassland/ Savannah

Biome in which vegetation is dominated by grasses, and trees are so spread apart the canopy does not close, allowing grasses to grow

Freshwater Biome

an aquatic biome in freshwater with very low salt content

Marine Biome

an aqautic biome that consists of corals, fish, and sea-grasses

Biodiversity

Biodiversity

The degree of variation of life in an ecosystem

Hot Spots

Specific region with heavy biodiversity

Limiting Factors

Ecological Succession

The gradual replacement of plants in an ecosystem over time.

Primary Succession

Succession in an area that has had no life before.

Secondary Succession

Succession that happens in an area that once supported life, but then that life was destroyed

Pioneer Species

The first species that live in a new ecosystem

Climax Community

The final community after all stages of succession are complete

Limiting Factors

Factors that restrict the uncontrolled growth of a population

Carrying Capacity

The maximum amount of organisms in a species that an ecosystem can support

Population

Population Growth

Growth of the number or organisms in a species

Black Plague

disease spread throughout europe, the biggest event that lowered the human population significantly. Happened in 1348

Industrial revolution

Advanced machinery and living conditions. Led to the explosion in the human poplation.

Exponential Growth

Very rapid growth. Grows by itself times itself. EX= 2x2=4 4x4=16 16x16 etc.

Sustainability

the ability of a population to sustain that certain amount of organisms.

Logistic Growth

When population grows and then tops out and stays at the carry capacity

J-Curve

Graph of exponential population. Starts small and grows exponentially and forms a "J"

S-Curve

Graph of logistic growth. Grows then tops out at carrying capacity. Forms an "S"

Population Growth Rate

The rate of the growth of a population

Water Pollution

Water Pollution

pollution to water  

Point Source

Pollution from a definite source. You can tell exactly where it has came from  

Non-Point Source

Pollution that you can not definitely identify the source

Aquifier

is a layer of underground water. Like the water-table

Biotic/ Abiotic Factors

Abiotic Factor

A factor that is not a living thing EX Water

Biotic Factor

A biotic factor is a factor that is living, or resembles a living thing. For example, A lion in a savannah is a biotic factor.