Type 1 Diabetes

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Type 1 Diabetes by Mind Map: Type 1 Diabetes

1. Gillespie, K.M. (2006). Type 1 diabetes: pathogenesis and prevention. Retrieved September 26th from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1489998

2. New node

3. New node

4. Treatment

4.1. Insulin

4.1.1. Short-acting (regular) insulin

4.1.1.1. Humulin R

4.1.1.1.1. Novolin R

4.1.2. Rapid-acting insulin

4.1.2.1. Apidra

4.1.2.1.1. Novolog

4.1.3. Intermediate-acting insulin

4.1.3.1. Insulin NPH

4.1.4. Long-acting insulin

4.1.4.1. Levemir

4.1.4.1.1. Tresiba

4.2. Monitor blood sugar frequently

4.3. Count carb, fat, and protein intake

4.4. Eat healthy foods

4.5. Exercise frequently and maintain healthy weight

4.6. High blood pressure medications

4.6.1. ACE inhibitor

4.6.1.1. Angiotensin II receptor blocker

4.7. Aspirin

4.8. Cholesterol lowering drugs

5. Pathogenesis

5.1. Results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing B cells in the pancreas

5.2. Both genetic and environmental factors precipitate the disease

5.3. The human leukocyte antigen on chromosome 6 is known to be associated with type 1 diabetes

5.4. The second most important gene noted to contribute to type 1 diabetes is chromosome 11, an insulin gene

6. Risk factors

6.1. Type 1 diabetes is prevalent in young children mostly

6.2. The greatest incidence of type 1 diabetes is in low-incidence countries of Eastern Europe

6.3. Some viruses such as enteroviruses, rotavirus, and rubella are suspected to lead to type 1 diabetes

6.4. People with 2 or more islet cell antibodies are shown to have the highest prevalence for type 1 diabetes

7. Incidence/Prevalence

7.1. Genetic

7.2. Global variations

7.3. Diamond project conducted in 2000

7.3.1. Found that children under 14 years of age in 50 countries worldwide total 19,164 cases from a population of 75.1 million children

7.4. Young children

7.5. Girls and boys equally affected

8. Type 1 diabetes. (2017). Retrieved September 26, 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/diagnosis/dxc-20340995

9. Diabetes symptoms: early warning symptoms & signs of diabetes. (N.d.). Retrieved September 26, 2017, from http://www.jdrf.org/tld-resources/symptoms/.

10. Maahs, D.M., West, N.A., Lawrence, J.M., & Mayer-Davis, E.J. (2010). Chapter 1: epidemiology of type 1 diabetes. Retrieved September 26, 2017, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2925303

11. Diagnostics

11.1. Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test

11.1.1. A1C level of 6.5 percent or higher indicates diabetes

11.2. Random blood sugar test

11.2.1. Blood sugar of 200 mg/dL or higher indicates diabetes

11.3. Fasting blood sugar test

11.3.1. Blood sugar level of 126 mg/dL indicates diabetes

12. Signs and symptoms

12.1. Increased thirst

12.2. Frequent urination

12.3. Extreme hunger

12.4. Unintended weight loss

12.5. Mood swings or irritability

12.6. Fatigue

12.7. Blurred vision

12.8. Extreme thirst

12.9. Diabetic ketoacidosis

12.9.1. Dry mouth

12.9.1.1. Stomach pain

12.9.1.1.1. Flushed face

12.10. Slow-healing cuts

12.11. Yeast infection