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Symptoms by Mind Map: Symptoms

1. Pressure or pain in abdomen, pelvis, back or legs

2. A swollen or bloated abdomen

3. nausea, indigestion, gas, constipation, or diarrhea

4. feeling very tired all the time

5. shortness of breath

6. Feeling the need to urinate often node

7. Unusual vaginal bleeding

8. Diagnostic Test

8.1. 1. Physical exam: Your doctor checks general signs of health. The doctor may press on your abdomen to check for tumors or an abnormal buildup of fluid. It is possible that a sample of fluid be taken to check for ovarian cancer cells.

8.2. 2. Pelvic exam- The doctor might feels the ovaries as well as nearby organs for lumps or any other changes in the shape or size. With a pelvic exam comes the pap test which is used to collect ovarian cells. The Pap test is used to detect cervical cancer, it is not used to diagnose ovarian cancer

8.2.1. POSITIVE RESULTS Ovarian Cancer Causes Treatment Prognosis Hormones

8.3. 3. Blood tests- The doctor takes a blood sample, which can indicate on or more things. The lab may check for the level of several substances, including CA-125. CA-125 is a substance found on the surface of ovarian cancer cells. A lot of CA-125 could be a sign of ovarian cancer.

8.4. 4. Ultrasound- The ultrasound uses sound waves that are aimed at organs inside the pelvis. The waves bounce off the organs. The picture produced may show an ovarian tumour. Te device may be inserted into the vagina for a clearer view.

8.5. 5. Biopsy- Involves removing the tissue or fluid to look for cancer cells. The tissue and fluid is removed from the pelvis and abdomen.

9. Diagnostic Tests

9.1. 1. Pelvic Exam * the feeling of masses of tenderness that are possibly in your uterus or ovaries * process, the doctor puts 1-2 fingers inside the vagina. After that, the doctor presses on your abdomen.

9.2. 2. Rectovaginal exam * locate any lumps in rectum * one finger is inserted in the rectum and another finger is in the vagina

9.3. 3. Ultrasound * easy to tell if you have an ovarian cyst because cysts are filled with fluid, so the picture on the screen is different than what it would be for a solid tumor. * process involved high-frequency sound waves inside the uterus and ovaries. * shows tissues (thicker tissues appear lighter on the ultrasound screen).

9.3.1. POSITIVE RESULTS Ovarian Cyst Causes Treatment Prognosis Hormone

9.4. 4. Trans-vaginal ultrasound * determining if patient has ovarian cysts * Doctor uses a slender wand, which is inserted into the vagina, to produce images of the uterus and ovaries on a video screen

10. Pain in lower abdomen

11. Pelvic Pain following sexual intercouse

12. Infertility

13. Pain in pelvic region

14. Vaginal Spotting or pain