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Future Perfect by Mind Map: Future Perfect

1. Rules

1.1. Form

1.1.1. The future perfect is composed of two elements the simple future of the verb "to have" (will have) + the past participle of the main verb

1.1.2. Subject + will have + V3 He will have finished. I will have finished.

1.2. Function

1.2.1. The future perfect tense refers to a completed action in the future. When we use this tense we are projecting ourselves forward into the future and looking back at an action that will be completed some time later than now. It is most often used with a time expression.

2. Examples

2.1. I will have been here for six months on June 23rd.

2.2. Won't they have arrived by 5:00?

2.3. By the time you read this I will have left.

2.4. He will have played before the season ends.

3. Time expression

3.1. By

3.2. By the time

3.3. Before

3.4. By tomorrow/7 o'clock/next month

3.5. Untill/till

4. Exercises

4.1. Sheila ____ the scholarship by the time she starts school in September. (get)

4.2. By this time tomorrow night we ______ in Australia. (arrive)

4.3. ______ he ______ the message by the time your flight takes off? (receive)

4.4. Dana _____ the night shift by the time you get up in the morning. (not finish)

4.5. By 2025, I hope researchers ______ a cure for cancer. (find)