Plant Form and Function

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Plant Form and Function by Mind Map: Plant Form and Function

1. Plant growth

1.1. Osmosis

1.1.1. Net movement of water

1.2. Tonicity

1.2.1. Movement of water inside and outside the cell

1.3. Hypotonic

1.3.1. Movement of water towards the cell; more solute, less water

1.4. Hypertonic

1.4.1. Movement of water away from the cell: less solute, more water

1.5. Isotonic Solution

1.5.1. No net movement, equal solute and water

2. Plant Nutrition

2.1. Micronutrients

2.1.1. Boron For Cell wall synthesis

2.1.2. Chlorine Water splitting system for photosystem II

2.1.3. Copper Co-factors for metalloprotiens and enzymes

2.1.4. Iron Regulatory component for proteins and metabolites in roots and leaves

2.1.5. Manganese Photodestruction of chlorophyll and chloroplasts structure

2.1.6. Molybdenum For enzyme activation

2.1.7. Zinc Enzymatic function and reactivity

2.2. Macronutrients

2.2.1. Nitrogen For chlorophyll synthesis

2.2.2. Phosphorus For energy transferring processes

2.2.3. Potassium Cell extension and stomatal regulations

2.2.4. Calcium Structural component of cell wall and membrane

2.2.5. Magnesium Chlorophyll Synthesis

2.2.6. Sulfur Assimilation of Oxidation

2.3. Major Constituents of Organic Plant Material

2.3.1. Carbon

2.3.2. Hydrogen

2.3.3. Oxygen

3. Plant Hormones

3.1. Auxin

3.1.1. stem elongation, cell growth and expantion

3.2. Gibberellin

3.2.1. promotes stem elongation and germination

3.3. Cytokinin

3.3.1. cell division, growth of fruits, and delays aging

3.4. Ethylene

3.4.1. ripening of crops

3.5. Abscisic Acid

3.5.1. Seed dormancy and control loss of water