English grammar ( Грамматика английского языка)

english grammar грамматика английского языка

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English grammar ( Грамматика английского языка) создатель Mind Map: English grammar  ( Грамматика английского языка)

1. Tenses (времена)

1.1. Future (будущее)

1.1.1. Planned (is,ing)

1.1.1.1. Active

1.1.1.1.1. I am going to wash the car

1.1.1.1.2. I am not going to wash the car

1.1.1.1.3. Are you going to wash the car?

1.1.1.2. Passive

1.1.1.2.1. The car is going to be washed

1.1.1.2.2. The car is not going to be washed

1.1.1.2.3. Is the car going to be washed?

1.1.2. Unplanned (will)

1.1.2.1. Active

1.1.2.1.1. I will wash the car

1.1.2.1.2. I will not (won't) wash the car

1.1.2.1.3. Will you wash the car?

1.1.2.2. Passive

1.1.2.2.1. The car will be washed

1.1.2.2.2. The car will not (won't) be washed

1.1.2.2.3. Will the car be washed?

1.1.3. Perfect

1.1.3.1. Simple(will, have, ed)

1.1.3.1.1. Active

1.1.3.1.2. Passive

1.1.3.2. Continious (will, have, ed, ing)

1.1.3.2.1. I will have been washing that car for five years this June

1.1.3.2.2. I will not have been washing that car for five years in March

1.1.3.2.3. Will you have been washing that car for five years in March?

1.1.3.2.4. Emphasis the length of time it's been done

1.2. Present (настоящее)

1.2.1. Simple ("s" in plural

1.2.1.1. A: He washes the car

1.2.1.2. N: He does not wash the car

1.2.1.3. Q: Does he wash the car?

1.2.1.4. Passive

1.2.1.4.1. A: It is washed

1.2.1.4.2. N: It's not washed

1.2.1.4.3. Q: Is it washed?

1.2.2. Continious (is,ing)

1.2.2.1. A: He is washing it

1.2.2.2. N: He is not washing it

1.2.2.3. Q: Is he washing it?

1.2.2.4. Passive

1.2.2.4.1. A: It's being washed

1.2.2.4.2. N: It is not being washed

1.2.3. Perfect(has,ed)

1.2.3.1. Simple

1.2.3.1.1. A: He has washed it

1.2.3.1.2. N: He has not washed it

1.2.3.1.3. Q: Has he washed it

1.2.3.1.4. Passive

1.2.3.2. Continious

1.2.3.2.1. Not exist

1.3. Past (прошедшее)

1.3.1. Simple (ed)

1.3.1.1. Active

1.3.1.1.1. He washed it

1.3.1.1.2. He did not wash it

1.3.1.1.3. Did he washed it?

1.3.1.2. Passive

1.3.1.2.1. It was washed

1.3.1.2.2. It was not washed

1.3.1.2.3. Was it washed?

1.3.2. Continious (ing,ed)

1.3.2.1. Active

1.3.2.1.1. He was washing the car

1.3.2.1.2. He was not washing the car

1.3.2.1.3. Was he washing the car?

1.3.2.2. Passive

1.3.2.2.1. It was being washed

1.3.2.2.2. It was not being washed

1.3.2.2.3. Was it been washed?

1.3.3. Perfect

1.3.3.1. Simple (had,ed)

1.3.3.1.1. Active

1.3.3.1.2. Passive

1.3.3.2. Continious (had,ed,ing)

1.3.3.2.1. It had been raining

1.3.3.2.2. It had not been raining

1.3.3.2.3. Had it been raining?

2. Parts of sentence (Части предложения)

2.1. Verb (Глагол)

2.1.1. Definition: Action or state

2.1.1.1. like work play go swim

2.1.1.1.1. "English club is a web site. I LIKE english club"

2.1.2. Auxiliary Verbs (Вспомогательные глаголы)

2.1.2.1. be do have will

2.1.2.1.1. Auxiliary Verbs are the verbs are followed by another verb (the full verb)

2.1.3. Modals (Модальные глаголы)

2.1.3.1. Can

2.1.3.1.1. I can wash the car

2.1.3.1.2. I can not wash the car

2.1.3.1.3. Can you wash the car?

2.1.3.2. Could

2.1.3.2.1. I could wash the car

2.1.3.2.2. I could not wash the car

2.1.3.2.3. Could you wash the car?

2.1.3.3. May

2.1.3.3.1. I may wash the car

2.1.3.3.2. I may not wash the car

2.1.3.3.3. May i wash the car (Permission)?

2.1.3.4. Might

2.1.3.4.1. I might wash the car

2.1.3.4.2. I might not wash the car? (Permission)

2.1.3.4.3. I might wash the car

2.1.3.4.4. I might wash the car

2.1.3.5. Must (Have)

2.1.3.5.1. I must wash the car

2.1.3.5.2. I must not wash the car

2.1.3.5.3. Must i washed the car? (Permission not to do it?)

2.1.3.6. Should (Ought to)

2.1.3.6.1. I ought to wash the car

2.1.3.6.2. I ought not wash the car

2.1.3.7. Would

2.1.3.7.1. Sometimes he would bring me some flowers.

2.1.3.7.2. Would you shut the door, please?

2.1.3.8. Will (Shall)

2.1.3.8.1. I will stop smoking.

2.1.3.8.2. Will you please shut the door?