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SEMESTRAL REVIEW создатель Mind Map: SEMESTRAL REVIEW

1. Cambridge

1.1. Unit 2.3 and 9.1

1.1.1. MODALS

1.1.1.1. Speculation

1.1.1.1.1. Ideas or guesses about something unknown

1.1.1.2. Deduction

1.1.1.2.1. The act or process of using logic or reason to from a conclusion

1.2. Unit 7.1

1.2.1. GERUNDS & INFINITIVES

1.2.1.1. Gerunds

1.2.1.1.1. -ing

1.2.1.2. Infinitives

1.2.1.2.1. to + base form

1.3. Unit 8.1

1.3.1. READING

1.4. Unit 8.2

1.4.1. USED TO AND WOULD

1.4.1.1. Used to

1.4.1.1.1. only for past states, actions that don´t happen now- we cannot use it for things that still happen now.

1.4.1.2. would

1.4.1.2.1. to talk about repeated and it should not be used unless it has already been stablished that the time frame is in the past.

1.5. Unit 9.2

1.5.1. EXPRESSIONS FOR DISCCUSSING IDEAS

1.6. Unit 10.2

1.6.1. REVIEW OF FUTURE TENSES

1.6.1.1. Future Simple

1.6.1.1.1. Future plans

1.6.1.2. Giong to

1.6.1.2.1. Plans that generally will happen soon

1.6.1.3. Present Continuis

1.6.1.3.1. Imminent future events

1.6.1.4. Present Simple

1.6.1.4.1. Events planned on a known date

1.6.1.5. Future Continious

1.6.1.5.1. Thinking ahead of a certain point in the future

1.6.1.6. Future Perfect Simple

1.6.1.6.1. Events that have not happened yet but WILL in the future

1.6.1.7. Future Perfect Continious

1.6.1.7.1. indicate duration

1.7. Unit 11.2

1.7.1. PAST & PRESENT PARTICIPLES

1.7.1.1. Adverbs

1.7.1.1.1. describe verbs, adjectives and adverbs

1.7.1.2. LV

1.7.1.2.1. verbs that we cant use adverbs with

1.7.1.3. Past Particilple

1.7.1.3.1. Express a passive action

1.7.1.4. Present Participle

1.7.1.4.1. Express a active action

1.8. Unit 12.2

1.8.1. COLLOCATIONS WITH COME, TELL AND FALL

1.8.1.1. Passive

1.8.1.1.1. Action more important than the person

1.8.1.1.2. we dont know who did something

1.8.1.1.3. Used in News

1.8.1.1.4. Example

2. TOEFL

2.1. Adjectives and Adverbs

2.1.1. Adjectives

2.1.1.1. describe or modify

2.1.1.1.1. nouns

2.1.1.1.2. pronouns

2.1.2. Adverbs

2.1.2.1. modify

2.1.2.1.1. verbs

2.1.2.1.2. adjectives

2.1.2.1.3. adverbs

2.2. Articles

2.2.1. define a noun as specific or unspecific

2.2.1.1. Indefinite

2.2.1.1.1. Not something in particular

2.2.1.2. Definite

2.2.1.2.1. refers to something in particular

2.3. Prepositions (phrasal verbs)

2.3.1. indicate location or expresses a relationship from a noun/pronoun to another word

2.3.1.1. Idiomatic

2.3.1.1.1. meaning of the preposition changes depending on the combination

2.3.1.2. Literal

2.3.1.2.1. what you'd expect