Climate Change

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Climate Change by Mind Map: Climate Change

1. Thermal Energy

1.1. conduction

1.1.1. kinetic energy

1.1.2. solids

1.1.3. direct contact

1.2. radiation

1.2.1. infrared radiation

1.2.2. works in a vacuum

1.3. convection

1.3.1. liquids and gases

1.3.2. visible & infrared radiation

1.3.3. not all energy is absorbed

1.3.3.1. albedo

1.4. different surfaces

1.4.1. temperature responses

1.5. distribution

1.5.1. equatorial regions

1.5.2. position of continents

2. Effects

2.1. loss of animal habitats

2.1.1. polar bears

2.1.2. extinction

2.2. thermal expansion of water

2.3. rising sea levels

2.3.1. more acidic oceans

2.4. melting ice sheets & glaciers

2.5. precipitation

2.5.1. droughts, floods, more extreme/intense natural disasters

2.6. risk to human health

2.7. rising tempeartures

3. Climate

3.1. climatographs

3.2. long period of time

3.3. average

4. Weather

4.1. localized

4.2. environmental conditions

4.3. day to day

5. Past

5.1. proxy records

5.1.1. ice cores, tree rings, coral reefs

5.2. how greenhouse gas levels have risen

6. "Spheres"

6.1. on Earth

6.1.1. biosphere (life), hydrosphere (water), lithosphere (crust), atmosphere (gas)

6.2. in atmosphere

6.2.1. troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere

7. LOWERN

7.1. Latitude

7.1.1. closer to equator = colder

7.2. Ocean Currents

7.2.1. temp of ocean affects air masses passing over

7.3. Winds

7.3.1. move air masses affecting weather

7.4. Elevation

7.4.1. increasing elevation = colder

7.5. Relief

7.5.1. mountain ranges

7.5.2. windward side = warm and wet

7.5.3. leeward side = warm and dry

7.6. Nearness to Water

7.6.1. water has a moderating effect

8. Biomes

8.1. Permanent Ice

8.1.1. lichens, mosses, polar bears

8.1.2. polar ice caps

8.1.3. little precipitation, more in summer months

8.2. Boreal Forest (Taiga)

8.2.1. cool, forest

8.2.2. rodents, snowshoe hares, lynx, ermine

8.2.3. coniferous trees

8.3. Temperate Deciduous Forest

8.3.1. many kinds of trees

8.3.2. Eastern Canada

8.3.3. wolves, deer, small mammals

8.3.4. even distribution of precipitation

8.4. Temperate Grassland

8.4.1. grass is main plant life

8.4.2. grasshoppers, bison, mice, snakes

8.4.3. also known as Prairies

8.4.4. hot summers, cold winters

8.5. Tundra

8.5.1. cold, far North

8.5.2. permafrost

8.5.3. very few trees

8.5.4. musk oxen, arctic foxes, snowshoe hares, owls

8.5.5. little precipitation

9. Components of Earth's Climate

9.1. Lithosphere

9.1.1. land formations affect air movement

9.1.2. windward & leeward side of mountains

9.2. Sun

9.2.1. forms of solar energy

9.2.1.1. ultraviolet radiation, visible light, infrared radiation

9.2.2. when rays hit a particle...

9.2.2.1. absorbed, transmitted, reflected

9.3. Configuration of Land Masses

9.3.1. Pangea

9.3.2. movement of air currents

9.4. Hydrosphere

9.4.1. all water on Earth

9.4.2. absorb and reflect Sun's energy

9.5. Atmosphere

9.5.1. protective layer

9.5.2. layer of mixed gases

10. Greenhouse Gases

10.1. carbon dioxide (CO2)

10.2. nitrous oxides (NOx)

10.3. water vapour (H2O)

10.4. methane (CH4)

10.5. carbon cycle

11. Greenhouse Effect

11.1. 100% natural

11.1.1. keeps the Earth warm enough to live on

11.2. anthropogenic

11.2.1. burning fossil fuels

11.2.2. greenhouse gas increase

11.2.3. means "human activity"

11.2.4. ecological or carbon footprint