The Olympics: Ancient and Modern

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The Olympics: Ancient and Modern by Mind Map: The Olympics: Ancient and Modern

1. Ancient

1.1. Religion

1.1.1. Olympics were tributes to the gods

1.1.2. Olympics were religious festivals

1.2. Basics

1.2.1. Originated in the 8th century B.C. to the 4th century A.D.

1.2.2. Were held in Olympia

1.2.3. Occurred every 4 years

1.2.4. Married women couldn't attend, but unmarried could

1.2.5. A truce was announced before and during Olympics to ensure safety in Elis for the athletes and the citizens

1.2.5.1. This was written on a bronze discus in the Temple of Hera

1.3. Sports

1.3.1. Had Pentathlon, Running, Jumping, Discus Throw, Wrestling, Boxing, Pankration

1.3.2. Women couldn't play in the games

1.4. Athletes

1.4.1. Only one winner per event

1.4.2. Winner was crowned with an olive wreath made near the temple of Zeus in Olympia

2. Modern

2.1. Origin

2.1.1. The first modern Olympics were held in Athens

2.1.2. Baron Pierre de Coubertin suggested the rebirth of Modern Olympics

2.2. Rules

2.2.1. Women were allowed to compete in the games following an all-male Olympics in 1896

2.2.2. Bids were held in order to host the games. Before, they were chosen based on popularity

2.2.3. Opening ceremony needs approval in order to do it

2.2.3.1. Made to introduce and celebrate the Olympics

2.3. Symbols

2.3.1. Motto: "Citius, Altius, Fortius", which is Latin for "Faster, Higher, Stronger"

2.3.2. Flag has a white background with five rings in the center: blue, yellow, black, green, and red

2.3.2.1. Colors represent at least one color on every country's flag

2.3.2.2. Five rings = five inhabited countries

2.3.3. Olympic creed: "The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part. Just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well."-Baron de Coubertin

2.3.4. Torch is a symbol of the Olympic Games

2.3.4.1. Symbolizes the theft of fire from Zeus by Prometheus.

2.3.4.2. There was a fire kept burning throughout the games in the Ancient Olympics

2.4. Scandels

2.4.1. Germany wasn't invited to some of the games because of WWII

2.4.2. Russian doping scandal - 2016

2.4.3. Four US swimmers lied about vandalizing a gas station - 2016

3. Current

3.1. Location

3.1.1. Pyeongchang County, South Korea

3.1.2. Some tension between North Korea and South Korea

3.1.3. Must look different than the Summer Olympic Games

3.1.4. Mascot for 2018 is the white tiger

3.1.4.1. Name: Soohorang

3.1.4.2. In Korean Mythology, the white tiger is a symbol for trust, strength and protection

3.2. Sports

3.2.1. Bobsledding is one of the most popular Winter Sports

3.2.1.1. Switzerland is favored in this sport

3.2.1.1.1. Won 31 medals

3.2.1.2. Teams of 2-4 make timed runs down a hill in a sled - fastest team wins

3.3. Medals

3.3.1. Differs slightly every Olympics

3.4. Map of the Torch