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Hypertension by Mind Map: Hypertension

1. 30 min of moderate aerobic

1.1. jogging

1.2. walking

1.3. swimming

2. Treatment

2.1. Reduce Stress

2.1.1. Yoga

2.1.2. Meditation

2.2. Regular Excercise

2.3. Medication

2.3.1. Diuretics

2.3.2. vasodilators

2.3.3. angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

3. Signs and Symptoms

3.1. Chronic blood pressure above 130-139/80-89

3.2. High blood pressure/Hypertension can present as:

3.2.1. anxiety

3.2.2. insomnia

3.2.3. flushed cheeks

4. Diagnosis

4.1. Blood Pressure is taken often to look for a pattern

4.1.1. Normal

4.1.1.1. Systolic: 120-

4.1.1.2. Diastolic: 80-

4.1.2. Primary Hypertension

4.1.2.1. Systolic: 130-139

4.1.2.2. Diastolic: 80-89

4.1.3. Secondary Hypertension

4.1.3.1. Systolic: 140+

4.1.3.2. Diastolic: 90+

5. Prevention

5.1. Diet

5.1.1. Reduce salt intake

5.1.2. Increase vegetable consumption

5.1.3. Increase fruit consumption

5.2. NO smoking

5.3. Limit alcohol consumption

5.4. Maintain healthy body weight and BMI

5.5. Exercise

6. Complications

6.1. Heart Failure

6.2. Heart Attack

6.3. Aneurysm

6.4. Kidney Failure

6.5. Stroke

6.6. Death

7. Risk Factors

7.1. Age

7.1.1. Most common in 60+

7.2. Ethnicity

7.3. Weight

7.3.1. Overweight increases risk

7.3.2. Increases blood pressure

7.4. Current medical conditions

7.4.1. Diabetes

7.4.2. High cholesterol

7.4.3. Cardiovascular disease

7.5. Alcohol and Tobacco use

7.6. Sex

7.6.1. Women more at risk in older age

7.6.2. Men more at risk in younger years