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Thesis statement # 5 by Mind Map: Thesis statement # 5
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Thesis statement # 5

1. Freedom and moral obligation seem contradictory.

the confusion lies in the "feeling" that to be free means "not being obliged", based on two assumptions:

Moral obligation


2. Only free persons, however, are capable of moral obligation.

moral obligation refers only to free persons

people who mistake freedom as capacity to do anything he or she wishes to do has a distorted idea of freedom because of the failure to recognize his or her moral obligation to other people

not absolute but created, limited, and relational

Just laws articulating moral obligation are free creations of free persons

3. The moral force behind the Decalogue provides human person and human community to actualize their highest possible freedom.

Commandments foster freedom by commanding, not guiding

Commandments oblige, guidelines do not

Freely choosing to act against the authentic moral obligation is sin and injures the true freedom both of the doer and of those in community

Commandments protect the freedom of humans

practical example: you are free to drink alcohol, but would you say as an alcoholic you are free to drop the liquor anytime you want?

God gives commandments in the context of friendship

Commandments teach us to be free

Commandments are not an external constraint on our freedom but tell us who we are in the light of Christ, as created in his image and likeness

4. Jesus Christ's new commandment of love shows the mutual inter-relation between freedom and moral obligation.

Christ's new commandment of love is perfectly compatible with moral obligation

Love is the basis for all moral obligation and the primary motive for freely responding to it

free affirmative response to moral obligation is the best test of authentic love

John 15:12-14 "My commandment is this: love each other as I have loved you. Greater love has no one than this, that he lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command."

5. How humans exercise freedom and moral obligation does not only affect interpersonal relations but ecological life as well.

the interpretation of this love for the other has usually referred only to human beings or neighbors

social responsibility then involves environmental responsibility

6. Besides the preferential option for the poor, the need for environmental care is equally important.

preferential option for the poor

we must also address issues on environmental care and stewardship

7. An anthropocentric emphasis is no longer tenable.

a shift from anthropocentric world view to ecocentric

We need to move from a mindset of industrialist utilitarianism and rationalism to a sacramental vision of companionship

8. Global ecological realities require an ethical response rooted in the Christian message.

Verses from the Bible