Teaching English to Young Learners

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Teaching English to Young Learners by Mind Map: Teaching English to Young Learners

1. Class Management

1.1. Routines and rules

1.1.1. Provide the students with structured environments that help to mantain a good class environment.

1.1.1.1. To start, close up the class

1.1.1.1.1. Classroom Management Routines and Procedures

1.1.1.1.2. Routines and Procedures

1.1.1.1.3. Redirecting Behavior

1.1.1.2. For staying quiet at the beginning of an activity

1.1.2. Clear assessment, reward students and have a clear set of rules

1.1.2.1. 10 Tips for New Teachers

1.2. Planning

1.2.1. Plan your classes in Thematic Units (TU); It will help you to the attainment of language objectives, students will have more context and time to practice.

1.2.1.1. Temathic Unit samples

1.2.1.2. Do not spend more than 10-15 minutes in an activity, you can always come back to an activity.

1.2.1.3. vary your activities for he 4 skills, also go from quet to dinamic activities.

1.3. Use of L1

1.3.1. Use L1 when you need to explain the meaning of difficult expressions; or to explain some instructions that are important and very difficult to explain. e.g. "Once Upon a time"

1.4. Special needs

1.4.1. take into account that learners, must develop literacy in their own language to be able to learn a second language. You need to Learn about dissability that affects EFL or ESL, recognize the symptoms, keep in contact with the specialist of the school.

1.4.1.1. Teaching Strategies that Work for Dyslexic and ADD Students

1.4.1.2. Learning Disabilities Association of America

1.4.1.3. British Dyslexia Association

2. Characteristics

2.1. Activities that help them learn

2.1.1. Involve lot of practice/repetition

2.1.1.1. Drilling (Warm-up Activities)

2.1.1.2. Rhyme and Repeat: 5 Poetry Activities

2.1.2. Use Language to do things/purposeful

2.1.2.1. 5 Communicative Language Activities

2.1.2.2. Fun activities to develop language

2.1.3. Are understandable/meaninful

2.1.3.1. http://www.scielo.org.co/img/revistas/prf/n7a10d1.gif

2.1.3.2. Engaging Children in Meaningful Conversation

2.1.3.3. book

2.1.4. Lead to succes/enjoyable

2.1.4.1. 7 Entrepreneurial Skills for Kids

2.1.4.2. Teaching Practices to Help Students Succeed

2.1.5. Involve interaction/social

2.1.5.1. How relevant is social interaction in ESL

2.1.5.2. https://seniorsecondary.tki.org.nz/Learning-Languages/Pedagogy/social-interactions

2.2. Activities they do not like

2.2.1. memorize lists of vocabulary, focus on grammar rules, read about uninteresting topics

2.2.1.1. Top 10 mistakes English teachers make

2.2.2. be told to be quiet or stop talking to friends, not being involved or asked about their opinions or knowledges

2.2.2.1. Golden Rules for Engaging Studentsa

2.2.3. Be asked to wait for a long time

2.2.3.1. Never give a boring lecture again! TEDxOsaka

3. References

3.1. Picture:Teaching very young learners

3.2. Ten helpful ideas for teaching English to... (PDF Download Available)

3.3. Picture Class management: 5 easy steps to build a classroom management plan template - Classcraft Blog

3.4. Picture Methods: Remembering Howard Gardner...The Father of Multiple Intelligence Theory

3.5. Picture community learning: $50,000 Grant Supports Matching Students with Community Learning Opportunities

3.6. Young learners webinar, Engaging Young Learners with Projects, September 28, 2017: Webinars presented by National Geographic Learning - NGL ELT

3.7. Linse, C.T. and Nunan, D. (2005) Practical English Language Teaching Young Learners. Ch. 9: "Key Issues in Teaching Young Learners". McGraw-Hill ESL/ELT, New York

4. Methods

4.1. Using Technology

4.1.1. Online Security

4.1.2. Limitless resources: social media, wikis, educative applications, etc.

4.1.2.1. https://www.ixl.com/social-studies/grade-4

4.2. Teaching aiming for MI

4.2.1. Use Total Physical Response method, when they listen and physically respond, this help the childern remember more easilly.

4.2.1.1. Move and Groove: 5 Total Physical Response Activities

4.2.2. Use visual and realia material, they are colorful and memorable for the children. It is a good tool to manage their short attention span.

4.2.2.1. Realia

4.2.2.2. Using Realia Resources in Language Teaching & Learning

4.2.3. Involve students in making new visual material this is very motiveting for YL and at the same time make them value more the material.

4.2.4. vary the types of activities to keep children interested, include activities that involve different types of intelligence.

4.2.4.1. Intrapersonal

4.2.4.1.1. Teaching through intrapersonal intelligence

4.2.4.1.2. Intrapersonal intelligence activities

4.2.4.2. Interpersonal

4.2.4.2.1. 5 Activities That Develop Interpersonal Intelligence

4.2.4.2.2. Teaching through interpersonal intelligence

4.2.4.3. Mathematical-Logical

4.2.4.3.1. Teaching through logical-mathematical intelligences

4.2.4.4. Spatial

4.2.4.4.1. 12 Easy Activities To Boost Kids' Visual Spatial Intelligence

4.2.4.4.2. Teaching through spatial intelligence

4.2.4.5. Musical

4.2.4.5.1. Teaching through musical intelligence

4.2.4.5.2. 5 Activities to Strengthen Musical Intelligence

4.2.4.6. Bodily-kinesthetic

4.2.4.6.1. Teaching through bodily-kinesthetic intelligence

4.2.4.7. Verbal Linguistic

4.2.4.7.1. Linguistic intelligence

4.2.4.8. Environmental

4.2.4.8.1. ESL Lessons With Multiple Intelligences

4.3. Teaching by Projects

4.3.1. Have a real audience and require an specific product to be shared in English.

4.3.2. Involve the exchange of information among learners, and include other ways of obtaining information: internet, interviews, field research, etc.

4.3.3. Result in new information for the learnes and develop their creativity and imagination.

5. Expanding Community of learning

5.1. Bring guests to make special events in your class, helping to break the routine and create community.

5.2. Work with teachers from other subject areas in order to reinforce both language and content.

5.3. keep in touch with experts, professionals and international organizations for TEYL

5.3.1. ASCD

5.3.1.1. ASCD: Professional Learning & Community for Educators

5.3.2. IATEFL

5.3.2.1. iatefl.org

5.3.3. TESOL

5.3.3.1. TESOL International Association

5.3.3.2. TESOL 6 Principles