Approaches and methods in english teaching

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Approaches and methods in english teaching by Mind Map: Approaches and methods in english teaching

1. Grammar translations method is a method of teaching foreign languages derived from the classical Grammar rules are learned deductively; students learn grammar rules by rote, and then practice the rules by doing grammar drills and translating sentences to and from the target language.

2. The characteristics grammar translation method 1. foreign language teaching method 2. derived from the classical 3. sometimes called traditional 4. method of teaching Greek and Latin. 5. The method requires students to translate whole texts word for word 6. and memorize numerous grammatical rules and exceptions 7. enormous vocabulary lists.

3. The direct method of teaching which is sometimes called the natural method, and is often (but not exclusively) used in teaching foreign languages, refrains from using the learners' native language and uses only the target language.

4. -teaching concepts and vocabulary through pantomiming, real-life objects and other visual materials -teaching grammar by using an inductive approach (having learners find out rules through the presentation of adequate linguistic forms in the target language) -centrality of spoken language (including a native-like pronunciation) -focus on question-answer patterns

5. The Audio-lingual Method is still in use today, though normally as a part of individual lessons rather than as the foundation of the cours

6. characteristics of this method are: -Drills are used to teach structural patterns. -Set phrases are memorised with a focus on intonation. -Grammatical explanations are kept to a minimum. -Vocabulary is taught in context Audio-visual aids are used. -Focus is on pronunciation. -Correct responses are positively reinforced immediately.