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Intelligence by Mind Map: Intelligence
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adaptation, learning ability, prior knowledge, many different mental processes and culture-specific

Definition of Intelligence

capacity of learning, reasoning, understanding and similar forms of mental activity by truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc.

Components of intelligence

Environmental context, prior knowledge, and cognitive processes

environmental context focuses on three skills as problem-solving ability as identify the problem, verbal ability to speak and write clearly and social comptence as ability to relate other human beings, needs, wishes and provide leaderships

Children's intelligence acquired

Measurement of intelligence tests

distributed intelligence: thinking facilitated by physical objects and technology, social support and concepts and symbols, intelligence tests: general measures of current cognitive functioning used to predict academic achievement, Standford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Wechsler Scales and Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children


Spearman's concept of g as reflecting the ideas that intelligence may involve a general ability to think and reason about variety of tasks.

Cattrell's fluid and crystallized intelligences: fluid intelligence is an ability to acquire knowledge quickly and adapt to a new situation and crystallized intelligence is a knowledge and skills accumulated from prior experience and schooling, Gardner's multiple intelligences: linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist


Insufficient information of IQ toward other disabilites children like learning disabilities, ADD, ADHD, deafness, etc.

Provide a lot of examples toward Gardner's multiple intelligence to understand better concepts, Provide a lot of information toward the study of twin and adoption studies to compare from one to another, Interesting category of memory like symbolic, spatial, object, cube design, analogic reasoning, and mazes to define each