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Cardiac Diseases by Mind Map: Cardiac Diseases
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Cardiac Diseases

Angina Pectoris

Principal symptom of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Insuficient oxygen get to the myocardium. Cardia muscle becomes ischaemic Anaerobic metabolism kicks in (therefore lactic acid is produced - which causes the pain in the chest?)

Stable / Chronic Stable Angina


AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction

Chest pain a common symptom

felt beneath sternum

Desc: Heavy, squeezing, crushing or tight

Clenched fist

Radiating pain (to arms)

Mistaken for indigestion

Not always pain in the chest


Light headedness


Sudden weakness or tiredness

Symptoms often ingnored

LVF - Left Ventricular Failure


RVF - Right Ventricular Failure

peripheral oedema (in legs and feet)

secondary to LVF

days or weeks to reverse

Typcial presentation (AMI)


Ashen-grey pallor, cold, wet skin

looks scared

rapid pulse

hypotension (decreased blood pressure)