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Cardiac Diseases by Mind Map: Cardiac Diseases
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Cardiac Diseases

Angina Pectoris

Principal symptom of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Insuficient oxygen get to the myocardium. Cardia muscle becomes ischaemic Anaerobic metabolism kicks in (therefore lactic acid is produced - which causes the pain in the chest?)

Stable / Chronic Stable Angina

predictable pattern

predictable location

predictable intensity

predictable duration

GTN taken to relieve symptoms

Unstable

Indicates greater degree of obstruction

Noticeable changes in frequency etc.

Often occurs without predictable stress

AMI - Acute Myocardial Infarction

Chest pain a common symptom

felt beneath sternum

Desc: Heavy, squeezing, crushing or tight

Clenched fist

Radiating pain (to arms)

Mistaken for indigestion

Not always pain in the chest

Nausea

Light headedness

indigestion

Sudden weakness or tiredness

Symptoms often ingnored

LVF - Left Ventricular Failure

Symptoms

Extreme restlessness

Confusion

Severe dyspnoea (Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea - PND)

Tachypnoea

Bradycardia

Elevated blood pressure (hypertension)?

Crackles and possibly wheezes

Frothy, pink sputum

RVF - Right Ventricular Failure

peripheral oedema (in legs and feet)

secondary to LVF

days or weeks to reverse

Typcial presentation (AMI)

Apprehension

Ashen-grey pallor, cold, wet skin

looks scared

rapid pulse

hypotension (decreased blood pressure)