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GRAMÁTICA INGLESA by Mind Map: GRAMÁTICA INGLESA
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GRAMÁTICA INGLESA

Lourdes Salto :I think the present simple is the most Easy of all the English grammar, We can use it for 1) repeated actions My friend often draws nice posters. 2) things in general The sun rises in the East. 3) fixed arrangements, scheduled events The plane flies to London every Monday. 4) actions in the present - one follows after the other First I get up, then I have breakfast. 5) instructions Open your books at page 34. 6) with special verbs I understand English. Signal words every day, often, always, sometimes, never Form infinitive (3rd person singular he, she, it: infinitive + -s) Example: She sings very well.

GRUPO Nº 1: PRESENT SIMPLE

USOS

Faviola Loja: The present simple is used: To speak of things that are always or generally true: The sun sets in the west To describe a permanent situation or a condition defined without beginning or end, but it is true now: We live in London With adverbs of frequency, as always, usually, ... Often the library studies With expressions of time, like all days / weeks / year, morning / afternoon / evening and night: I go to the gym once a week To express the meaning future actions and events that are part of a fixed schedule: The train leaves at 8:30 am. LORENA BARROS The present simple is use to talk about states, routines, schedules and regular actions: Do you have a girlfriend. Also is use to talk about what people do in their jobs and occupations: What is your job? I am a Doctor.

ESTRUCTURAS

Faviola Loja: For affirmative sentences Structure: subject + main verb. example: I speak He eats For negative sentences: Structure: subject + auxiliary verb ("to do") + negative auxiliary ("not") + main verb. examples: I do not speak He does not eat For interrogative sentences Structure auxiliary verb ("to do") + subject + main verb? example: You speak? Eat it? • As in negative sentences, in interrogative sentences the auxiliary verb ("to do") changes and the main verb is in the infinitive. Gabriela Galan: i think that Faviola said is well, because the most important part of the estructure is the subject and the main verb Lourdes Salto: In conclucion the auxiliar of the present simple is DO or DOES depending of the sustantive Lorena Barros: I thing that lourdes Salto has reason, because in the present simple is use the auxiliar DO and DOES for question and answer, but also is use to talk the actions and occupations in the time present.

EJEMPLOS

Gabriela G: They clean their house. We go to classes. He isn't my brother. They don´t believe that we saw a ghost. Lourdes Salto: examples of questions: What do you do in the morning? Do you go out at night? Does she go out at afternoon? NEGATIVE EXAMPLES: I am not a dentist. They don't have a lot of time for go to the cinema. He doesn't watch movies because he has to study. It isn´t my pencil. LORENA BARROS: Examples The present simple: He lives in chicago I play basketball I run in the park She eats spaghetti I am teacher He is a politician. FAVIOLA LOJA EXAMPLES THE PRESENT SIMPLE: I play tennis He works in an office. They travel to Madrid.

PRESENTACIÓN

TRABAJO DE LA CÁTEDRA DE INGLÉS EN EL PRIMER AÑO DE LAS FACULTADES DE ING. QUÍMICA E ING. DE ALIMENTOS DE LA UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA DE CUENCA. CATEDRÁTICA: DRA. SUSANA DUTÁN

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Grupo 2: PRESENT SIMPLE

John Maldonado: The Present simple is use t talk about: 1- Habits or regular activities. 2- Facts And Activities that are genarly always true, we don´t use the present simple to talk about activities that are in progress now, that are temporaly.

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Paginas Con Ejercicios

estructura

William Vega SIMPLE PRESENT IN THE AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCE There are only two basic ways this simple, one ending in-s and the other not. the affirmative sentence structure in this simple is as follows: Subject + verb + complements this - We read a newspaper every day. - He lives in Madrid. - Birds fly. Only the third person singular (he, she and it) brings-S. SIMPLE PRESENT IN THE NEGATIVE SENTENCE Negative sentences in present simple formed by adding the auxiliary do / does in the form negative before the verb. Subject + do / does + not + verb root + supplements - I do not / do not play chess. - He does not / Does not speak français. IN THE PRESENT SIMPLE YES / NO QUESTIONS Interrogative sentences are also formed using the auxiliary do / does, depending on the subject. The structure of these questions is: Auxiliary + subject + verb root + ons? These questions can be answered with a short answer or long. Do you like pizza? Yes, I do / Yes, I do. I like pizza. THE PRESENT SIMPLE QUESTIONS IN WH- following structure: Wh-word + do / does + subject + verb root + supplements XAVIER ESTRADA Affirmative Sentences Subject + main verb. Negative Sentences Subject + auxiliary verb ("to do") + negative auxiliary ("not") +main verb.

USOS

Xavier Estrada This tense is used to express facts or general truths. The Sun warms the atmosphere. We also use the present simple to talk about habits in this case, the expressions ofprayer usually occurs often or always and Usually. We play tennis usually. -> You study always. -> Also we use to express time or programs (such as a theatrical program). Diego Jaramillo: Gabriela Agila: - Repeated Actions. Use the Present Simple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. Examples: I play tennis. She does not play tennis. Does he play tennis? - FACTS OR GENERALIZATIONS. The Simple present can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. Examples: Cats like milk. Birds do not like milk. Do pigs like milk. - SCHEDULED EVENTS IN THE NEAR FUTURE. speakers occasionally use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. Examples: The train leaves tonight at 6 pm. The bus does not arrive at 11 am, it arrives at 11 pm. When do we board the plane. - NOW (NON-CONTINUOUS VERBS) Speakers sometimes use the simple Present to express the idea an action is happening or is not happening now. Examples: I am here now. She is not here now. He needs help right now. PEDRO PAIDA: These verbs are used daily in everyday life as much as I have, I am, I do, they are walking etc.Son quite useful to know and master. William Vega: Use of this simple present This tense is used to express facts or general truths. The Sun Warms the atmosphere. -> The sun heats the armósfera. We also use the present simple to talk about habits in this case, the expressions of prayer usually occurs often or always and Usually. Usually we play tennis. -> We play tennis occasionally. You always study. -> You always you study. Also use it to express horarior or programs (such as a theatrical program). The train leaves in an hour. -> The train arrives in an hour. Spelling rules for the 3 rd person singular As a general rule, the verb form of the 3 rd person singular s is added, however, there are a few rules for a series of verbal forms are special: 1 .- When the verb ends in s already, or a similar sound as sh, ch x: watch -> watches (look) dash -> dashes (throwing) 2 .- When the verb ends in o, is also added: go -> goes (go) do -> does (do) 3 .- When the verb ends in y, since it precedes a consonant, we have to change the y to i, then add is: fly -> flies (fly) study -> studies (study)

EJEMPLOS

Diego Jaramillo: Ejemplo: PROGRESIVO She drinks milk every day INTERROGATIVO Does she drink milk every day? AFIRMATIVO Yes, she does drink milk every day NEGATIVO No, she doesnot drink milk every day Gabriela Agila: - I like broccoli. - I don´t like broccoli. - Does she want to buy a car? - Windows are made of glass. PEDRO PAIDA: They play and have a ball. She is a seamstress and has no relevant material. I'm the one that I have a reason. If the study does not have to have fun. William Vega He eats vegetables. Alice dances at the theatre. The dog breaks the fence. Do you have a car? Are you a doctor? Don't you like this song? I do not (don't) study Science any more. I don't play tennis. He doesn't work in an office They don't travel to Madrid XAVIER ESTRADA PositiveNegativeQuestion I run. You run. We run. They run. He runs. She runs. It runs. I do not run. You do not run. We do not run. They do not run. He does not run. She does not run. It does not run. Do I run? Do you run? Do we run? Do they run? Does he run? Does she run? Does it run?

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