types of government

eCLIL material about different types of government

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types of government by Mind Map: types of government

1. Dictatorship

1.1. = authorian form of government

1.2. = old form of government with origins in ancient Rome

1.3. It consists of a small group or a single leader who possess absolut power.

1.4. Dictators use techniques of mass propaganda.

1.5. Dictators use force to gain despotic political power.

1.6. Examples of dictatorships include Hitler and the Nazi Party in Germany, Stalin and the Communist Party in Russia and Benito Mussolini and the National Fascist Party in Italy.

1.7. Current examples of dictatorships are Cuba and North Korea.

1.8. Is your country at risk of becoming a dictatorship?

1.8.1. Task: Summarize the most important aspects mentioned in the video.

1.9. Current Dictators - List of Dictators in 2019

1.9.1. Task: Go to the map of the "current world dictators" (click on the arrow) and have a look at some states of the world and their head of states. When you click on a state, you'll get more information. Use the information from this map and make a list of at least two examples for each type of government. Name the country, the head of state, when he or she came into power and some facts of the person itself.

2. Republic

2.1. The word republic comes from the Latin term "res publica", which literally means "public thing".

2.2. = a form of government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who, in modern times, is usually a president or prime minister.

2.3. The definition of republic refers specifically to a form of government in which elected individuals represent the citizen.

2.4. Republic

2.4.1. Task: Listen to the video and make a list with words which define a republic.

3. Monarchy

3.1. A monarchy is a form of government in which total sovereignty is invested in one person, a head of state called a monarch, who holds the position until death or abdication.

3.2. Only 12 European monarchies exist today.

3.3. On the one hand, you have the absolute monarchies of the early modern period, the best example being French King Louis XIV, where the monarch (in theory at least) had total power over everything.

3.3.1. What is a monarchy? Task: With the content of the video create a "learningapp" with questions and answers!

3.4. On the other hand, you have constitutional monarchies where the monarch only has a representative function and the majority of power rests with the government.

4. Aristocracy

4.1. = a government by a relatively small privileged class.

4.2. It was established among the ancient Greece aristocracy which means the rule of the few best, governing in the interest of the entire population.

4.3. If the rule of the chosen few happens to be the rich and the privileged in upper layers of a stratified group, then the aristocracy is called "oligarchy".

4.3.1. Which countries are Oligarchies? Task: Check on the internet which countries are Oligarchies today and which group of people leads these countries.

4.3.2. What is an Oligarchy? Task: Watch the video till 1:45 and explain the difference between the ancient Greek Oligarchy and the modern one.

5. Anarchy

5.1. It derived from the Greek root "anarchos" meaning “without authority".

5.2. = the absence of any authority superior to nation-states and capable of arbitrating (=schlichten) their disputes.

5.3. As there is no form of power in a state, there are no rules.

5.4. What is Anarchy?

5.4.1. Task: Create a "Kahoot!" game which covers the content of the video and the small texts.

6. Democracy

6.1. The term derived from the Greek "dēmokratiā", which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century.

6.1.1. A short introduction Task: Create a timeline with the most important developments of democracy.

6.2. It is a form of government in which the people exercise the authority of government.

6.2.1. Seperation of powers

6.3. There are two types of democracy: direct and representative. In a direct democracy, the people directly vote for political issues (such as certain laws). In a representative democracy the people elect representatives to represent them and they then decide on the laws.

6.3.1. Democracy in action Task: Analyse the cartoon concerning the importance of democracy in different states (argue what it is like in Austria) and find out why the women has an inked finger.