Migration Course Mindmap

Migration Class Mindmap

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Migration Course Mindmap by Mind Map: Migration Course Mindmap

1. Major Legislations

1.1. Chinese Exclusion Act

1.2. Johnson-Reed Act (aka Immigration Act of 1924)

1.3. Hart-Cellar Act (Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965)

2. Future of Immigrants

3. Vocabulary

3.1. foreign-born

3.2. foreign stock

3.3. ethnic enclave

3.4. ethnic niches

3.5. ethnic sucession

3.6. transnationalism

3.7. assimilation

3.8. middlemen minority

3.9. social capital

3.10. globalization

4. 1. Main Migration Theories

4.1. Discussion Questions about Migration Theory

4.1.1. What are the four main theories of Migration theory (why do people move?)

4.1.2. Which theory do you think best explains why people move? Why?

4.1.3. What do you think would happen if suddenly there was a huge decrease in immigrant workers-- for example in the agricultural industry? Do you think wages for the workers still there would rise?

4.2. 4 Main Theories of Migration

4.2.1. Neoclassical and New Economics Theory Neoclassical Economics Macro Micro Criticisms? New Economics Markets involved in New Economics Eight premises New Economics

4.2.2. Dual Labor Market Fundamental characteristics of advanced industrial societies and their economies Structural Inflation Motivational problems economic dualism / bifurcated labor market demography of labor supply Five Premises of Dual Labor Market Theory 1) intl. migration is largely demand-based and is initiated by recruitment on the part of employers 2) Since the demand for immigrant workers grow out f structural needs of the economy, intl. wage differences are neither necessary nor sufficient condition for labor migration to occur 3) low-level wages in immigrant receiving societies do not rise in response to a decrease in the supply of immigrant workers; they are held down by social and institutional mechanisms-- not free to respond to supply and demand 4) low-level wages may fall as a result of increase in supply of immigrant workers 5) govts. are unlikely to influence intl. migration through policies that produce small changes in wages or employment rates; immigrants fill a demand for labor that is structurally built into modern, post-industrial economies

4.2.3. World Systems Theory Resources in poor countries Land Raw materials labor material links ideological links global cities globalization e.g. factories in one country may be threatened by large scale economic changes Six Premises of World Systems Theory 1) intl. migration is natural consequence of capitalist penetration of developing countries 2) intl. flow of labor follows intl. flow of goods and capital, but in opposite direction 3) intl. migration is especially likely between past colonial powers and their former colonies 4) since intl. migration stems from globalization of the market economy, the way for govts. to influence immigration is by regulating overseas investments and controlling international goods 5) political and military interventions help to produce refugee movements-- when stats intervene to protect capital investments 6) intl. migration ultimately has little do with wage rates or employment differentials

4.3. Conditions for movement

4.3.1. demand for migration must exist

4.3.2. labor demand must be made known media outlets recruitment favorable policies

4.3.3. opportunities must be desirable relative deprivation thanks to media

4.4. How Movement is Sustained

4.4.1. Network Theory / Chain migration Declining costs declining risks

4.4.2. Institutional Theory

4.4.3. cumulative causation income distribution land distribution organization of agrarian production culture of migration regional distribution of human capital social labeling

4.4.4. Migration Systems Theory Together everything suggests that migration flows acquires a measure of stability and structure over space and time-- difficult to dismantle

4.5. Comparing across space and time

5. Immigrant Assimilation / Incorporation

5.1. Theories of Assimilation

5.1.1. Straight-Line

5.1.2. Bumpy-line

5.1.3. Segmented Assimilation

5.1.4. Return of Assimilation

5.2. Challenges to Integration - Documentation Status

5.2.1. Videos From the Back of the Line Wetback How Democracy Works Now

5.3. Economic Adaptation/Insertion

5.3.1. Theorizing Economic Insertion Which groups are doing best? Which groups are doing worse? Factors that affect economic success Cultural Explanations Structural Explanations Situational theories of economic integration

5.3.2. Immigrants, Jobs, Economic Impact Readings Raijman Waldinger Bipartisan Policy Center Portes Video NYT Entreprenuers Dollars & Dreams Additional movies Questions What jobs are immigrants doing? Overall economic impact of Immigrants on economy? How do immigrants find jobs? According to Waldinger, are immigrants competing with natives for jobs? According to Portes-- enclave, good/bad? Explain

5.3.3. Immigrants, Jobs, Conflict Readings Bonacich Min Green Waldinger Video LA Riots 20 years later Questions Are immigrants and native minorities in conflict with each other?

5.4. Immigration, Ethnicity, and Ethnic Relations

5.4.1. Ethnic identities Factors that foster "ethnic" identity Transnationalism impact on ethnic identity Naturalization Trends Determinants of Naturalization Who are most likely to naturalize

5.4.2. Racial Inequality in US Readings Waters Steinberg Videos

5.4.3. Racial Inequality in the US - conflict with immigrants Readings Banks Kawai Videos CNN Not in our Town

5.5. Residential Segregation & Enclaves

5.5.1. Readings Park

5.5.2. Videos NPR - This American Life

5.5.3. Where are post-1965 immigrants settling? Forbes Map Main States Florida New York California Secondary States New Jersey Illinois Main Cities NY LA San Jose Orange County Chicago Miami

5.5.4. Why important to know where they settle? Geography always important Cost of return cost of getting there discrimination laws-- racism labor markets high SES jobs

5.5.5. Pros/Cons of Spatial Concentration Pros of spatial concentration Cons of Spatial concentration

5.6. Gender & Immigration

5.6.1. Readings Hongdangneu-Sotelo Ehrenreich Erez

5.6.2. Videos

5.7. Political Incorporation

5.7.1. Readings Hayduk Wong Suro Minnite Taylor Kaufman's Cracks in the Rainbow

5.7.2. Videos

6. Alternatives to Assimilation

6.1. Theories challenging assimilation?

6.1.1. Transnationalism

6.1.2. Globalization

6.1.3. Supranationality

6.2. Readings

6.2.1. Schiller

6.2.2. Berger

6.2.3. Zezima

6.2.4. Koopmans

6.2.5. Foner

6.3. Questions

6.3.1. Major changes challenging assimilation?

6.3.2. How new is transnationalism?

6.4. Videos

6.4.1. In Harlem, Voting for Guinea

6.4.2. The Jamay Jalisco Club

7. 3. Post 1965 Immigrants

7.1. Stats on Immigrants and US Population

7.1.1. 1850 Foreign born was 2.2 million (9.7% US pop.)

7.1.2. 1890 Foreign-born as % of US population peaked in 1890 at 15%

7.1.3. 1930 Foreign born of 14.4 million (13%-14% of US pop.)

7.1.4. 1970s Foreign born lowest in the US- around 4%

7.1.5. 1990 US Foreign Born reached 19.8 million (7.9% of the population) 44% of this foreign born arrived in the 1980s-- so relatively recent arrivals 25.2% of this foreign-born pop was Asian Waters in M&S- p. 134 42.5% of foreign-born from Latin America 22% of foreign-born from Europe 10.3% of foreign-born from other places

7.1.6. 2005 US Foreign Born reached 37 million (12.5% of the population)

7.1.7. 2010 USA According to Census 2010, foreign-born is about 12.9%

7.1.8. 2012 for NYC About 39% of NYC pop is foreign born

7.2. post-1965 typology

7.2.1. Status typology legal, temporary legal, permanent refugees, asylees unauthorized/undocumented

7.2.2. human capital typology unskilled/semi-skilled skilled/professional entrepreneurs

7.2.3. Typological groups Labor Professional Entrepreneurial Refugees/asylees

7.3. post-1965 groups

7.3.1. Mexicans

7.3.2. Central Americans

7.3.3. South Americans

7.3.4. Eastern Europeans Ukraine Former USSR Polish

7.3.5. Africans North Africa South Africa

7.3.6. Cubans

7.3.7. Carribeans DR Haitians West Indians

7.3.8. Middle East

7.3.9. Asians S.E. Asians Filippinos East Asians Chinese Koreans South Asians Indian continent Bagladesh Pakistan

8. Second Generation

8.1. Identity & Race of 2nd Gen

8.2. Housing & Education

8.3. Work & Future

8.3.1. Videos With Reverse Migration, Children of Immigrants Chase "American Dream" Abroad

8.4. Videos

9. 2. History of Immigration to NYC

9.1. Major Historical Events

9.1.1. French Revolution

9.1.2. Potato Famine

9.1.3. WWI

9.1.4. WWII

9.1.5. Operation Bootstrap

9.1.6. Spanish-American War

9.1.7. US Civil War

9.2. Colonial period

9.3. mid-19th century (1790-1849)

9.3.1. English

9.3.2. Irish

9.3.3. Polish

9.3.4. Germans

9.4. Late 19th Century (1850s-1890s)

9.4.1. Readings Binder

9.4.2. Largest Groups Irish Germans

9.5. Early 20th century (1890s-1930s)

9.5.1. Readings

9.5.2. Largest Groups Italians Eastern European Jews

9.5.3. Southern Blacks (1st Great Migration)

9.5.4. Europeans Germans British Irish Polish (small numbers)

9.5.5. Asian Groups Chinese Japanese

9.5.6. S., Central Americas & Carribeans Mexican Puerto Ricans (small numbers)

9.6. 1930s-1965

9.6.1. Southern Blacks (2nd Great Migration)

9.6.2. Puerto Ricans

9.7. post-1965

9.7.1. Mexicans

9.7.2. Central Americans

9.7.3. South Americans

9.7.4. Eastern Europeans Ukraine Former USSR Polish

9.7.5. Africans North Africa South Africa

9.7.6. Cubans

9.7.7. Carribeans DR Haitians West Indians

9.7.8. Middle East

9.7.9. Asians S.E. Asians Filippinos East Asians Chinese Koreans South Asians Indian continent Bagladesh Pakistan

10. About the course

10.1. Course Description

10.2. Course Objectives