Theoretical Perspectives

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Theoretical Perspectives by Mind Map: Theoretical Perspectives

1. Cognitive Developmentalist “The emphasis of this perspective is that language is acquired as maturation occurs and cognitive competencies develop. It focuses on aspects of Semantic, and morphemic language knowledge. The cognitive developmental perspective assumes that cognitive development is a “prerequisite and foundation for languagelearning” This perspective also proposes that a child learns language by using the same mechanisms as forother learning. Thus, there is no unique language mechanism. The close relation between cognitivedevelopment and language is based on the belief that, for language to develop, specific cognitive growth must occur first” (Otto, 2010 p 30). The cognitive developmental perspective is based in the work of Jean Piaget

2. Behavorist

2.1. Theoretical Perspectives Behaviorist The behaviorist perspective emphasizes the role of “nurture” and considers learning to occur based on the stimuli, responses, and reinforcements that occur in the environment. A child is considered tobe a “blank slate” and learning occurs due to associations established between stimuli, responses, and events that occur after the response behavior. Language is learned as a result of these associations. Focus on Semantic, syntactic, and morphemic aspects of language knowledge (Otto, 2010).

3. Major Theorists- Vygotsky, Bruner, and Halliday. The interactionist perspective focuses on the primary role of sociocultural interaction in children's development of language knowledge. It focuses on Nurture, It focus on pragmatic aspect’s of language knowledge. “This perspective contends that children acquire language through their attempts to communicate with the world around them. This perspective contributes to our understanding of the ways in which children acquire pragmatic language knowledge. Language is acquired by individuals out of a need to function in society and an accompanying need for knowledge of how language functions in that society” (Otto, 2010 p 33).

4. Nativists

5. The major theorist is skinner. He believed that “Reinforcement often takes the form of attention, repetition, and approval. This type of conditioning (or learning) is called operant conditioning”(Otto, 2010 p31).