Aristotle believed that it is claimed by the Megarians in Greece, who say it began among them at the time when they became a democracy [c. 580 BC] Arion was said to have invented the tragic plays and was the first to make a chorus and have it sung. he also first led the circular chorus. The first actual performance of tragedy was introduced by Arion
Some of his famous works, Agamemnon, The Suppliants, The Persians, Prometheus Bound, Seven Against Thebes, Orestia
Some of his famous works, Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone, The Women of Treus
Some of his famous works, Hippolytus and The Baccahe, Madea, Iphigenia at Aulis, Hecuba, Orestes
the poets would write a trilogy of three tragedies and then an additional unrelated comic piece called a satyr play to finish with
the basic background was from the chorus
most of the peoples problems were brought on by the Gods or higher powers
showed the stress and vulnerabilities of the Greek people
when Americans read tragedies, it is a translation of the original text and we miss many aspects of the plays
they were largely sung
"tragedy" refers to "tragic drama"
the male actors were able to show emotion by changing their tone of voice, language or by using masks.
male actors had to play female roles
rotagonist was the first actor
deuteragonist was the second actor
tritagonist `third actor'.
The protagonist had the main role while the other characters had lesser roles
gods, heroes and old men, wore a chiton
The latter, they wore an affron-colored garment which was rich with purple and gold people and stars. It was tied across the chest with a girdle made of dark purple, it had gold and jewels, and over it was a purple cloak
Goddesses and women of high rank, wore robes that were purple and gold
Matrons, wore incredibly embroidered cloth with some fastened on the head like a veil
queens and princesses, wore purple robes that hit the ground, was attached with golden stars
Warriors, wore a variety of armor, their helmets had plumes, and they wore a nicely embroidered mantle.
it was a social, religious and civic gathering
theater was open to all people, including women
since it had to do with religion, they often were placed near or in sanctuaries
people sat in a semicircle on wooden or stone seats engraved into a hillside called the theatron
look down on a somewhat circular flat area called the orchestra
side entrances called eisodi that led into the orchestra for different characters to enter and exit.
across from audience there was a raised platform which was backed by a building with central and side doors called the skene., most of the action of the play took place on the raised platform with the skene acting as a backdrop and a changing room for the actors.
when trilogies and satyr plays were preformed, they lasted most of the day
Theater of Argos, in Argolid, built in the 4th century BC, held 15,000 spectators
Theater of Corinth, in Corinth, built by Emperor Hadrian, also held 15,000 people
Theater of Sparta, in Laconia, very little has survived, the ruins are of Roman date, the skene here was mobile
Theater of Cassope, in Preveza, built at the northwest edge of the city on a rocky hillside, also a second theater to the south