Copy of Copy of Industrial Revolution

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Copy of Copy of Industrial Revolution by Mind Map: Copy of Copy of Industrial Revolution

1. Agricultural

1.1. New

1.1.1. New crops Efficient Faster Planted in rows No longer needed to be Fallow Fewer Farmers Cycles Fertilizer Crops grew better More crops per acre

1.1.2. Raised animals Keeping over winter Wool Milk Meat

1.1.3. Farming for Profits Financial risk Willing to invest money

1.2. Old

1.2.1. Commons Everyone could farm it Divided up Called enclosures Unequally Poor farmer

1.2.2. Strip farming Inefficient Broadcasting seeds

1.2.3. Consolidate Small strips into large fields Speed up farming

2. People & Society

2.1. Class system

2.1.1. Born into

2.1.2. Lowest class The poor Work houses Poor relief Poor law Disease widespread Crime was common Whole families lived in 1 room Only find jobs intermittently

2.1.3. Upper class Right schools, churches, newspaper Called themselves "Society" Servants Low wages See themselves as better than others

2.1.4. Middle class University degree helped rise to middle class If father worked as a professional Grew during Industrial Revolution Own culture and entertainment Lower middle class White-collar workers Any labour Worked in trades, factory

2.1.5. Women Some where better off Independence Last resort Worked in factory Cottage system Began to fade Work cooperatively with husbands worked as part of family

3. Textiles

3.1. Colonies

3.1.1. Supplement supplies Silk Wool Cotton

3.2. High demand

3.2.1. Very profitable

3.2.2. Cloth made cheaply and fast

3.2.3. Large spinning/weaving factory

3.3. Enormous looms

3.3.1. Power by steam

3.3.2. Too big for human power

3.4. Making cloth

3.4.1. Cleaned

3.4.2. Spun into thread

3.4.3. Weaved into new cloth

3.5. Inventions

3.5.1. Speed up production

3.5.2. Spinning Spinning jenny Spun thread too fast

3.5.3. Weaving Flying shuttle Large looms operated by one person Spring loaded

4. Factorization

4.1. New

4.1.1. Factory age Factory Acts Children Laissez-faire No inspectors to uphold the rules Workers could not help themself Improve the lives of working people Dangerous evironmnets Deafening nosie Long overtime shifts Air filled with microscopic fibres Pollution Large Factory build Loud, dangerous, dirty Child Labour Useful because of small size No other choice Stunted growth, deformed bobies Everything can be done in one place Low wages

4.2. Old

4.2.1. Cottage industry Make product in their homes Mostly spinning and weaving Worked at home Able to look after family Communities Poorly Paid Long hours Law of supply and demand

5. Transportation

5.1. Transport poeple

5.1.1. Stagecoach

5.2. Transport materials

5.2.1. Macadam roads Large wagon can be used Privately built Tolls

5.2.2. Canals Over 4000Km built Reduce the shipping cost Link rivers

5.2.3. Carry Raw Materials to factory Cheaper and faster Increased Profits

5.3. Railways

5.3.1. Most important transportation Large Networks All over Eurpoe

5.3.2. Unheard speed of 39kmph

5.3.3. Powered by steam engine

6. Inventions

6.1. Textiles

6.1.1. Faster weaving Flying shuttle Spring loaded Large looms to opreate by 1 person Larger looms

6.1.2. Faster spinning Spinning Jenny John Kay 1733 Spin multiple strands at the same time Water frame Improved strength of yarn Faster than Jenny

6.1.3. Mule Combined features of water frame and Jenny

6.2. New souce of power

6.2.1. Steam engine Could be use in many different ways Pump water Power machines Transportation No need for water wheels Practical Efficient

6.3. New process

6.3.1. Making cast iron Easier Cheaper

6.3.2. Coal Coke Make better iron Everyone used it heat