Behavior Therapy: therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

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Behavior Therapy: therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors by Mind Map: Behavior Therapy: therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

1. counterconditioning: procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors

1.1. exposure therapy: expose people to what they normally avoid

1.1.1. systematic desensitization: associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggered stimuli

1.1.1.1. widely used exposure therapy

1.1.1.2. commonly used to treat phobias

1.1.1.3. ex: progressive relaxation

1.1.1.4. goal: substituting a positive (relaxed) response for a negative (fearful) response to a harmless stimulus

1.1.2. virtual reality exposure therapy: anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears

1.1.2.1. efficient middle ground when anxiety-arousing situation is too expensive, difficult, or embarrassing

1.1.2.1.1. used for treating people w/ fears of heights, flying, etc

1.1.2.1.2. ex: 3D virtual worlds

1.2. aversive conditioning: associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

1.2.1. unpleasant state: nausea; unwanted behavior: drinking alcohol

1.2.2. goal: substituting a negative (aversive) response for a positive response to a harmful stimulus (like alcohol)

1.2.3. reverses systematic desensitization

1.3. pairs triggered stimulus w/ a new response that is incompatible w/ fear

2. Therapist: Pavlov

2.1. classical condtioning

3. Therapist: O.H. Mowrer

3.1. created therapy for chronic bed wetters

4. therapists practice behavior modification

4.1. reinforce desired behaviors and withhold reinforcements for undesired behaviors

4.2. critique #1: practical; behaviors may disappear when the tokens are discontinued

4.2.1. proponents argue that social or intrinsic rewards can replace the tokens and continue to be reinforced

4.3. critique #2: ethical; Is it right for one human to control the behavior of another?

4.3.1. proponents argue that reinforcing adaptive behavior is justified b/c with or without behavior modifications, rewards and punishers will always control people's behavior

5. therapists create token economies

5.1. people receive tokens for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later trade tokens for a privilege or treat

5.1.1. rewards: candy, watching tv, trips to town, etc

5.1.2. desired behaviors: getting out of bed, eating, cleaning up rooms, washing, etc

5.2. applied in various settings and among members of various populations

5.2.1. homes, hospitals, institutions for delinquents