Unit 5: Planet Earth

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Unit 5: Planet Earth by Mind Map: Unit 5: Planet Earth

1. Fossil Fuels

1.1. Petroleum

1.1.1. Biumen

1.2. Drilling

1.3. mining

2. Minerals

2.1. Crystals

2.2. Mineral Identification

2.2.1. Lustre

2.2.2. Colour

2.2.3. Streak

2.2.4. Cleavage

2.2.4.1. Fracture

3. Rocks and Rock Cycle

3.1. Igneous Rock

3.1.1. Magma

3.1.1.1. Intrusive Rock

3.1.1.2. Lava

3.1.1.3. Extrusive Rock

3.2. Sedimentary Rock

3.2.1. Stratification

3.2.2. Compaction

3.3. Metamorphic Rock

3.3.1. Parent Rock

3.3.1.1. Eg. Slate

3.4. Sediment and Soil

3.4.1. Compost

3.4.1.1. Humus

3.4.2. Fertile

3.4.3. Soil Profile

3.4.3.1. Topsoil

3.4.3.2. Leaching

4. Erosion

4.1. Weathering

4.1.1. Mechanical Weathering

4.1.1.1. Frost Wedging

4.1.1.2. Sedimentation

4.1.2. Chemical Weathering

4.1.3. Biological Weathering

5. The Moving Crust

5.1. Continental Drift

5.2. Plate Tectonics

5.2.1. Converging Plates

5.2.2. Diverging Plates

5.2.3. Convection Currents

5.2.4. Subduction Zones

5.3. Sea Floor Spreading

6. Earthquakes

6.1. Seismographs

6.1.1. Richter Scale

6.2. Bedrock

6.3. Seismic Waves

6.3.1. Primary Waves (P)

6.3.2. Secondary Waves (S)

6.3.3. Surface Waves

6.4. Earthquake Zones

6.4.1. Faults

7. Volcanoes

7.1. Dormant

7.2. Active

7.2.1. Vents

7.2.2. Kilauea in Hawaii

7.3. Ring of Fire

8. Mountains

8.1. Thrust Faulting

8.1.1. Fault Block Mountains

8.2. Complex Mountains

8.3. Mountain Ranges

8.3.1. Younger

8.3.1.1. Rocky Mountains

8.3.2. Older

8.3.2.1. Laurentien Mountains

9. Fossils

9.1. Petrified

9.2. Carbonaceous Film

9.3. Original Remains

9.4. Trace Fossils

9.4.1. Dinosaur Footprint

9.4.2. Mould

9.4.2.1. Cast

10. Geologic Time

10.1. Principle of Superposition

10.1.1. Strata

10.1.1.1. Relative Dating

10.1.1.1.1. Index Fossil

10.2. Half-Life

10.2.1. Radiometric Dating

10.2.1.1. Radiocarbon Dating

11. Geologic Time Scale

11.1. Eons

11.1.1. Eras

11.1.1.1. Precambrian

11.1.1.1.1. Rodina

11.1.1.2. Paleozoic

11.1.1.2.1. Ancient

11.1.1.2.2. Pangea

11.1.1.3. Mesozoic

11.1.1.3.1. Middle

11.1.1.4. Cenozoic

11.1.1.4.1. Recent