Online Mind Mapping and Brainstorming

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The formation of questions require use of a structure building operation called "Move". Traditionally known as transforms an exiting structure.

The movement test: a constituent can be moved as a single unit to a different position within a sentence. ex: They stopped at the corner At the corner, they stopped.

Complements: provide information about entities and locations whose exixtence is implied by the head.

Phrasal categories

Noun phrase (NP)

Verb phrase (VP)

Preposition phrase (PP)

Sentence (S)

A syntactic category is a type of syntactic unit that theories of syntax assume.

Lexical categories

Non lexical categories

Attempt to specify how the phrases in a sentence are structured.

NP -- Art N

PP -- P NP

S -- NP VP

Verb phrase (VP)

The syntax tree is a tree representation of the program structure

Head: the nucleus around which a phrase is built.

Specifiers: aspect within a phrase depands on the category of the head.

constituents or the existence of syntactic units found in trees can be verified with the help of special test.

The subtitutiontion test: syntactic unit can be replaced by an element such as they, it or do so. ex: the children stopped at the corner. they stopped at the corner or the children stopped there.

The coordination test: a group of words forms a constitution like and, or, but. ex: the children stopped at the corner and looked both ways.