Acute Myocardial Infarction

Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Acute Myocardial Infarction by Mind Map: Acute Myocardial Infarction

1. Pathophysiology

1.1. Ischemia to myocardium

1.1.1. Thrombus

1.1.2. Embolus

1.1.3. Vasospasm

2. Signs & Symptoms

2.1. chest pain

2.2. shortness of breath

2.3. fatigue

2.4. weakness

2.5. nausea & vomiting

2.6. pallor & diaphoresis

3. Diagnostics

3.1. ECG

3.2. serum cardiac markers

3.2.1. creatine kinase (CK-MB)

3.2.2. troponin

3.3. coronary angiography

3.4. exercise stress testing

3.5. echocardiograms

4. Nursing Diagnoses

4.1. Acute pain

4.2. Ineffective tissue perfusion

4.3. Anxiety

4.4. Activity Intolerance

4.5. Ineffective therapeutic regimen management

5. Collaborative Care

5.1. rapid diagnosis

5.2. preserve cardiac muscle

5.2.1. reperfusion therapy

5.2.1.1. fibrinolytic therapy

5.2.1.1.1. tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)

5.2.1.1.2. streptokinase

5.2.1.1.3. reteplase (Retavase)

5.2.1.2. emergent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)

5.3. drug therapy

5.3.1. nitrates

5.3.2. B-adrenergic blockers

5.3.3. systemic anticoagulation

5.3.3.1. SQ or IV low-molecular-weight heparin

5.3.4. antiplatelets

5.3.4.1. aspirin

5.3.5. calcium channel blockers

5.3.6. morphine

5.4. emergent CABG surgery

6. Nursing

6.1. Monitor

6.1.1. premature ventricular contractions

6.1.2. ventricular tachycardia

6.1.3. ventricular fibrillation

6.2. O2

6.3. IV

6.4. VS's, I&O

6.5. Medication

6.5.1. Morphine

6.5.2. ASA

6.5.3. Thromboltyics

6.5.3.1. TPA

6.5.3.2. Strepto

6.5.4. Heparin

6.5.5. Nitrates

6.5.6. Antidysrythmics

6.6. pain assement & relief

6.6.1. nitroglycerine

6.6.2. morphine

6.6.3. supplemental oxygen

6.7. anxiety

7. misc