THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
by Nimna Perera
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THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES
THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE
It lasted for 12 months
There were treaties, drawn up one of the main
was the Treaty of Versailles which dealt with
From France, they suffered the most damage
to land, people, industry and self confidence.
The French President wanted Germany to be
broken up into smaller state,s but he knew that
the other leaders wouldn't agree
He wanted the treaty to weaken Germany as
much as possible.
From USA, he wanted to build peace from the
ruins of war
He believed that punishment
should not be harsh, or they would
fight back when they were strong
He established the 14 points and the most
important one was the LEAGUE OF NATIONS
He also believed in self determination. where
nations should be ruled by themselves.
Many people disagreed with the 14 points.
DAVID LYOYD GEORGE
From England, he was in the middle of France
and USA with the decision to destroy
George wanted Germany to be punished justly,
he wanted Germany to lose its colonies, and
the navy, as it was a threat to England.
He wanted to start trading with Germany
THE TERMS OF THE TREATY (BRAT)
The Germans viewed this as
extremely harsh and had to accept
the blame for the war.
They all eventually agreed that Germany had to
pay for the damage.
In 1921 the figure sat at 66oo million pounds
that Germany didn't finish paying till 1984.
The army was limited to 100,000 men.
Conscription was banned all, soldiers had to be
They were not allowed submarines and
They were only allowed 6 battle ships.
The Rhineland was banned from them.
Territories and colonies
Germany's overseas empire was taken away.
GERMANY'S REACTIONS TO THE TREATY
Germany was to lose:
10 percent of its land
All of its overseas colonies
12.5 percent of its population
16 percent of its coalfield and iron/ steel
The government refused to sign the treat, and
sunk all of its battleships, so it was no use to
It looked as if war was going to break out
Ebert confronted Hindenburg a soldier and that
he wanted to die fighting for his country.
Eventually they had to agree to the terms and it
was signed June 1919.
The Germans felt that the blame should be
They feared that the reparations would cripple
100,000 men was a very small army,
Germany's army was a sign of their pride.
The loss of territories was a major blow to the
The Saar and Upper Silesia were good
The French and the British both started to take
over the German colonies.