THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

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THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES by Mind Map: THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

1. THE PARIS PEACE CONFERENCE

1.1. It lasted for 12 months

1.2. There were treaties, drawn up one of the main was the Treaty of Versailles which dealt with Germany.

2. GEORGES CLEMENCEAU

2.1. From France, they suffered the most damage to land, people, industry and self confidence.

2.2. The French President wanted Germany to be broken up into smaller state,s but he knew that the other leaders wouldn't agree

2.3. He wanted the treaty to weaken Germany as much as possible.

3. WOODROW WILSON

3.1. From USA, he wanted to build peace from the ruins of war

3.2. He believed that punishment should not be harsh, or they would fight back when they were strong

3.3. He established the 14 points and the most important one was the LEAGUE OF NATIONS

3.4. He also believed in self determination. where nations should be ruled by themselves.

3.5. Many people disagreed with the 14 points.

4. DAVID LYOYD GEORGE

4.1. From England, he was in the middle of France and USA with the decision to destroy Germany.

4.2. George wanted Germany to be punished justly, he wanted Germany to lose its colonies, and the navy, as it was a threat to England.

4.3. He wanted to start trading with Germany again.

5. THE TERMS OF THE TREATY (BRAT)

5.1. Blame

5.1.1. The Germans viewed this as extremely harsh and had to accept the blame for the war.

5.2. Reparations

5.2.1. They all eventually agreed that Germany had to pay for the damage.

5.2.2. In 1921 the figure sat at 66oo million pounds that Germany didn't finish paying till 1984.

5.3. Army

5.3.1. The army was limited to 100,000 men.

5.3.2. Conscription was banned all, soldiers had to be volunteers.

5.3.3. They were not allowed submarines and aircrafts.

5.3.4. They were only allowed 6 battle ships.

5.3.5. The Rhineland was banned from them.

5.4. Territories and colonies

5.4.1. Germany's overseas empire was taken away.

6. GERMANY'S REACTIONS TO THE TREATY

6.1. Germany was to lose: 10 percent of its land All of its overseas colonies 12.5 percent of its population 16 percent of its coalfield and iron/ steel industry.

6.2. The government refused to sign the treat, and sunk all of its battleships, so it was no use to anyone.

6.3. It looked as if war was going to break out again.

6.4. Ebert confronted Hindenburg a soldier and that he wanted to die fighting for his country.

6.5. Eventually they had to agree to the terms and it was signed June 1919.

6.6. War guilt

6.6.1. The Germans felt that the blame should be shared.

6.6.2. They feared that the reparations would cripple them.

6.7. Disarmament

6.7.1. 100,000 men was a very small army, Germany's army was a sign of their pride.

6.8. Territories

6.8.1. The loss of territories was a major blow to the German pride.

6.8.2. The Saar and Upper Silesia were good industrial areas.

6.8.3. The French and the British both started to take over the German colonies.