MODULE 11: Medication Administration

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MODULE 11: Medication Administration by Mind Map: MODULE 11: Medication Administration

1. Scope of Pharmacology

1.1. Pharmacognosy

1.2. Pharmacy

1.3. Pharmacodynamics

1.4. Pharmacotherapeutics

1.5. Toxicology

2. Names of Drugs

2.1. Official Name

2.2. Chemical Name

2.3. Generic Name

2.4. Brand/Trade Name

3. Sources of Drugs

3.1. Plants

3.2. Animals

3.3. Minerals & Mineral Products

3.4. Chemical Substances Made in Laboratory

4. Classification of Drugs

4.1. Prescription Drugs

4.1.1. Patient's Information

4.1.2. Date of Prescription

4.1.3. Rx Symbol

4.1.4. Name & Dosage of Medication

4.1.5. Dispensing instructions for the pharmacist

4.1.6. Directions for the Client

4.1.7. Refill and/or specialized labelling instructions

4.2. Nonprescription Drugs

4.3. Investigational Drugs

4.4. Illicit/Street Drugs

5. Effects of Drugs

5.1. Therapeutic

5.2. Side Effect

5.3. Drug Allergy

5.4. Anaphylactic Effect

5.5. Drug Tolerance

5.6. Cumulative

5.7. Idiosyncratic

5.8. Drug Abuse

5.9. Drug Dependence

5.10. Addiction

5.11. Habituation

5.12. Drug Interaction

5.13. Drug Antagonism

5.14. Synergism

5.15. Summation

5.16. Potentiation

6. Medication Order

6.1. Standing Order

6.2. Single Order

6.3. Stat Order

6.4. PRN Order

7. Dosage Forms

7.1. Tablets

7.2. Capsules

7.3. Troches

7.4. Suppositories

7.5. Emulsions

7.6. Suspensions

7.7. Solutions

7.7.1. Spirits

7.7.2. Elixirs

7.7.3. Tinctures

7.7.4. Fluid Extract

7.7.5. Extracts

7.7.6. Syrups

8. Therapeutic Action of Drugs

8.1. Palliative

8.2. Curative

8.3. Supportive

8.4. Substitutive

8.5. Chemotherapeutic

8.6. Restorative

9. Pharmacokinetic Factors in Drug Therapy

9.1. Absorption

9.2. Distribution

9.3. Metabolism

9.4. Excretion

10. 10 Rights of Drug Administration

10.1. Right Drug

10.2. Right Route

10.3. Right Patient

10.4. Right Dose

10.5. Right Time

10.6. Right Approach

10.7. Right Recording

10.8. Right Education

10.9. Right Documentation

10.10. Right to Refuse

11. Route of Drug Administration

11.1. Oral

11.2. Sublingual

11.3. Buccal

11.4. Topical

11.4.1. Dermatologic

11.4.2. Otic (ear)

11.4.3. Inhalation

11.4.4. Ophthalmic

11.4.5. Nasal

11.4.6. Vaginal

11.5. Rectal

11.6. Parenteral

11.6.1. Intradermal

11.6.2. Subcutaneous

11.6.3. Intramuscular

11.6.4. Intravenous

11.6.5. Intraarterial

11.6.6. Intraosseous

12. Equipment in Administering Drugs

12.1. Syringe

12.1.1. Hypodermic Syringe

12.1.2. Insulin Syringe

12.1.3. Tuberculin Syringe

12.2. Ampules & Vials

13. Common Sites of Parenteral Injection

13.1. Intradermal

13.1.1. Inner Lower Arms

13.1.2. Upper Chest

13.1.3. Upper Back

13.2. Subcutaneous

13.2.1. Outer Upper Arms

13.2.2. Anterior Thighs

13.3. Intramuscular

13.3.1. Dorsogluteal

13.3.2. Ventrogluteal

13.3.3. Vastus Lateralis

13.3.4. Rectus Femoris

13.3.5. Deltoid Muscle