Changing Rural Environments

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Changing Rural Environments by Mind Map: Changing Rural Environments

1. impact of..

1.1. retail outlets

1.1.1. economic

1.1.1.1. new employment

1.1.1.2. low land rents

1.1.1.3. Shop closures

1.1.1.4. Cost of extra infrastructure

1.1.2. social

1.1.2.1. Convenient shopping

1.1.2.2. More car parking spaces

1.1.2.3. Recreational and leisure opportunities

1.1.2.4. Could isolate elderly and immobile

1.1.2.5. Local shops lack social role

1.1.3. environment

1.1.3.1. Improvement of run down area

1.1.3.2. Efficient shopping

1.1.3.3. Reduction of congestion in existing streets

1.1.3.4. clean, purpose built environment

1.1.3.5. Urban decay

1.1.3.6. Inhibits other development

1.1.3.7. Visual intrusion

1.1.3.8. loss of countryside

1.1.3.9. localised congestion

1.1.3.10. green-belt conflict

1.2. leisure provision

1.3. suburbanised village

1.4. transport developments

2. Rural urban fringe

2.1. area around town/city

2.2. urban and rural land uses mix and compete

2.3. intense pressure

2.3.1. urban sprawl

2.3.2. increasing population

2.4. growth of commuting, commuter villages

3. Making it sustainable

3.1. conserving resources

3.2. protection of environment

3.3. supporting the needs of the rural population

3.4. Govern initiatives to support rural economy and environment

4. Social and economic changes

4.1. depopulation

4.2. decline in rural services in remote areas

4.3. growth in ownership of 2nd homes

5. Counterurbanisation

5.1. leaving towns/cities to live in more rural areas e.g rural-urban fringe

5.1.1. Push factors (into suburbanised villages)

5.1.1.1. very expensive housing

5.1.1.2. council tax more expensive

5.1.1.3. noise pollution

5.1.1.4. congestion

5.1.1.5. car ownership or the money to commute

5.1.1.6. crime

5.1.2. Pull factors (away from cities)

5.1.2.1. large property and plot

5.1.2.2. quieter, peaceful

5.1.2.3. safer i.e bringing up children

5.1.2.4. open space

5.1.2.5. independent schs

5.1.2.6. less crowded primary schs

5.1.2.7. clean environment

5.1.2.8. families can grow their own food

5.1.2.9. strong community feel

6. Suburbanised Village

6.1. village within commuting range of a large urban area much in demand

6.1.1. housing estates attached to the village edges aim to fulfill this.