Cultural Anthropology

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Cultural Anthropology by Mind Map: Cultural Anthropology

1. Anthropology in a Global Age

1.1. “Although the global economy is creating extreme wealth, it is also creating extreme poverty…Fully 40 percent of the world’s population live in poverty, defined as income of less than $2.00 per day. And nearly 1 billion people live in extreme poverty, surviving on less than $1.25 each day” (Guest 20).

1.2. This chapter aims to define anthropology, globalization, and how the two are intertwined. On one hand, globalization is connecting the world. Things like music and entertainment are becoming streamlined in developed nations across the globe. However, this advancement in communication and technology is redefining culture as we know it, forcing anthropologists to rethink the way they conduct research and communicate their findings.

1.3. Undercover in a Bangladesh clothing factory

2. Culture

2.1. "Culture is not fixed. It is invented, changed, contested, and negotiated. Nor is it bounded. It moves and flows across regions and between people" (Guest 57)

2.2. Culture is "A system of knowledge, beliefs, patterns of behavior, artifacts, and institutions that are created, learned, shared, and contested by a group of people" (Guest 35). This chapter essentially breaks down what culture is, how it's created, and its relation to power.

2.3. Yanomami: From Machetes to Mobile Phones

3. Fieldwork and Ethnography

3.1. "In the 1960s and 1970s, anthropologists came under heavy criticism for their role in colonialism, particularly for intentionally and unintentionally providing information on local cultures to colonial administrators and military agents" (Guest 99).

3.2. This chapter discusses the how cultural anthropologists conduct research. Ethnographic fieldwork involves living and interacting with a community of people over an extended period to better understand their lives. This chapter also goes into moral and ethical concerns surrounding ethnographic fieldwork.

3.3. Documentary gives new glimpse at Jane Goodall’s early research

4. Language

4.1. "...language does not control or restrict our thinking. Languages are dynamic. They change and adapt as the natural and cultural worlds shift" (Guest 120).

4.2. This chapter discusses linguistic anthropology, language, and language's role in culture. According to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, different languages create different ways of thinking. Languages establish certain mental categories of reality, like a grammar for organizing the worldview that that shapes people's perception of the world (Guest 118).

4.3. Key & Peele on 'code-switching' & the 2016 presidential candidates

4.4. Big Mouth - Code-switchin' HD

5. Gender and Sexuality

5.1. "Humans are born with biological sex, but we learn to be women and men…We learn what kinds of behavior are perceived as masculine or feminine," (Guest 275)

5.2. This chapter discusses gender, sexuality, and how gender roles are a constructed by culture. One main take away from this chapter is the difference between sex and gender. Sex refers to observable physical differences between male and female humans, whereas gender refers to the expectations of thought and behavior that each culture assigns to people of different sexes (Guest 273).

6. Religion

6.1. "Marx was also highly critical of the role of religion in society, famously calling religion “the opiate of the masses” (Marx and Engels 1957)" (Guest 583).

6.2. This chapter seeks to define and analyze religion from an anthropological perspective. Guest defines religion as "A set of beliefs and rituals based on a unique vision of how the world ought to be, often focused on a supernatural power and lived out in community" (573).