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Cold War by Mind Map: Cold War

1. The beggining to te Cold War started with an intense rivalry between the communist and non communist countries.

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2. In 1955 West Germany was allowed to re-arm and join NATO.

3. Russia responded by forming the Warsaw Mutual Defense Pact with its buffer zone neighbors.

4. The Truman Doctrine of 1947 stated that America would help any non-communist country to resist communist pressure.

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5. The USSR reacted by placing a blockade on Berlin. All food and other necessities had to be airlifted to West Berlin until May 1949.

6. The Soviet Union launched Sputnik I, the first orbiting satellite, on October 4, 1957.

7. On January 31, 1958 the United States launched Explorer I, its first satellite.

8. On November 3, they launched Sputnik II with the first living creature, a dog, named Laika.

9. The U.S. began its Mercury program with an 18-minute flight on January 31, 1961 that carried a chimpanzee.

10. The Soviet Union, meanwhile, had its Vostok program and on April 12, Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space and completed one orbit aboard Vostok 1. In June 1963 Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in space.

11. The United States started to catch up on February 20, 1962 when John Glenn orbited the earth three times. The US Apollo 11 mission launched on July 16, 1969 and Neil Armstrong became the first person to step on the moon.