the computer "is human", sapience - it is smart, sentience - experiences pain and pleasure
i.e. cyborg (brain in a robot body) and AI (intelligent computer in a robot body) are "the same"
killing it is murder
the computer "acts human", sapience - it is smart, no sentience - it doesn't experience pain and pleasure, although it may try to pretend it does
but it may not actually "be" human
it's a "simulation"
that's why we have "inorganic" and "organic" chemistry
the synthesis of urea, a compound from urine, from inorganic components clearly disproved this
no physical evidence
it appears that living systems can be reconstituted from their constituent chemicals
"imitation of a real-world process by a mental or computational process"
"prediction of outcome or behavior"
physical processes are governed by physical laws and manipulate physical objects
mental processes are information processing
mental processes manipulate symbols and information
implementing an algorithm?
simulating an algorithm?
"Can machines think?"
"Can machines fly?"
"Can machines swim?"
you have an implementation on an IBM 360 (some ancient computer) of quicksort in Fortran
there are 8 possibilities where implementations might agree, hardware (+/-), algorithm (+/-), programming language (+/-)
under what conditions can you be said to "simulate" the original algorithm?, "simulate/emulate/implement sorting", "simulate/emulate/implement quicksort"
let's work it out...
now assume the machine is hooked up to a simple vision system and robot arm, and it is tasked with physically sorting a bunch of objects by size; internally, it still uses its sorting algorithm
finally, assume that the computer is replaced with a human who can see or not see, and manipulate or not manipulate the objects directly, with the missing capability replaced by communicating with an assistant
under what conditions is the human..., simulating/implementing "sorting", simulating/implementing "physical sorting"
finally..., replace "sorting" with "reasoning, planning, intelligence"
Sentience is the ability to feel, perceive, or be conscious, or to have subjective experiences. Eighteenth century philosophers used the concept to distinguish the ability to think ("reason") from the ability to feel ("sentience").
Sapience is often defined as wisdom, or the ability of an organism or entity to act with appropriate judgment, a mental faculty which is a component of intelligence
difference between animals and humans?
is AI sentience, sapience, or both?
sentience entails the ability to suffer
there is widely believed to be a legal and moral obligation to prevent suffering if possible
Jerey Bentham: The French have already discovered that the blackness of the skin is no reason why a human being should be abandoned without redress to the caprice of a tormentor. [...] What else is it that should trace the insuperable line? Is it the faculty of reason, or, perhaps, the faculty of discourse? But a full-grown horse or dog is beyond comparison a more rational, as well as a more conversable animal, than an infant of a day, or a week, or even a month, old. But suppose the case were otherwise, what would it avail? The question is not Can they reason? nor, Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?