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Feeding and Swallowing Disorder by: Krystal Speights by Mind Map: Feeding and Swallowing Disorder by: Krystal Speights
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Feeding and Swallowing Disorder by: Krystal Speights

What are the defining characteristics of adult Dysphagia?

Defining characteristics of adult dysphagia relate to: 1. The phase of swallowing affected 2. The underlying pathology or cause 3. The severity of the disorder

Phase Affected

Gastroenterologists, internists, radiologist, and other professionals study and treat esophageal dysphagia, resulting from impairments of the esophageal phase of swallowing

Underlying Pathology of Cause

Dysphagia is a secondary disorder, meaning that it results from another primary cause. The most common cause of dysphagia are neurological damage due to a stroke, a brain injury, or a disease, and laryngeal damage due to radiation, surgical removal of the larynx, or trauma.

Progressive Neurological Disease

Progressive neurological diseases are disorders of the nervous system producing discoordination and weakness of motor skills as well as decreased sensory abilities

Head and Neck Cancer Treatments

Cancerous growths of the mouth, pharynx, and larynx are currently treated with surgery, radiation, and possibly chemotherapy


How is Adult Dysphagia identified and treated?

Clinical Swallowing Examination

Instrumental Dysphagia Examination

Evaluation of swallowing problems using technology, or instrumentation, typically provides a more objective and quantifiable measure of swallowing functions.

Treating Dysphagia

The speech-language pathologist often provides direct treatment to remediate or oropharyngeal dysphagia using two types of rehabilitation strategies: compensatory and restorative approaches

Nutrition and Dietary Considerations

What are Feeding and Swallowing Disorders?

Pediatric Feeding Disorders


A swallowing disorder, or dysphagia, occurs when an individual exhibits an unsafe or inefficient swallowing disorder pattern that undermines the eating/drinking process.

The Normal Swallow

The Disordered Swallow: Dysphagia



Oral-Motor System

The physical structures and neuromuscular functions involved with both eating and speaking.

What are the defining characteristics of pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders?

Pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders may be characterized by such symptoms as a refusal to eat, eating non nutritive substances, and rigidity in eating

Unsafe feeding and swallowing

Inadequate feeding and swallowing

How are Pediatric feeding and swallowing disorders identified and treated?

Early Identification and Referral

Comprehensive Assessment

Treatment Goals in Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing