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FLOODS & DROUGHTS by Mind Map: FLOODS & DROUGHTS
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FLOODS & DROUGHTS

causes of droughts

NATURAL CAUSES

HUMAN CAUSES

causes of floods

NATURAL CAUSES

HUMAN CAUSES

impacts of droughts

Shortage of food and water

Damage to environment

Forest fires and haze

Cost

impacts of floods

Flash floods are much more dangerous and flow much faster than regular floods. They result from tropical storms, dam failures, or excessive rain and snow.

Environmental health hazards

Densely populated floodplains for crop cultivation

Fertile soil suitable for farming

Water is polluted, spreading disease quickly

Saturated ground and overflowing banks and levees

Severe damages to coastal ecology

Damages to roads, bridges, and railroads and telephone lines are cut so communication is difficult.

Submerged village and towns, damages to property

High economic costs

Loss of lives