Linguistics I, 2

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Linguistics I, 2 by Mind Map: Linguistics I, 2

1. Discourse Analysis / Pragmatics

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. etym. gr.: pragmatikos=acting

1.1.2. studies language in

1.1.2.1. context

1.1.2.1.1. meaning of words in interaction and dependence of assumptions

1.1.2.2. text/ Discourse

1.1.2.2.1. Conversation

1.1.2.2.2. Politeness

1.1.2.2.3. Cooperative Principle

1.1.2.2.4. Deixis

1.1.2.3. function

1.1.2.3.1. what utterances intend to do

2. Sociolinguistics

2.1. Gender

2.1.1. male

2.1.1.1. intention:

2.1.1.1.1. status

2.1.1.1.2. independence

2.1.1.1.3. advice

2.1.1.1.4. information

2.1.1.1.5. orders

2.1.1.1.6. conflicts

2.1.2. female

2.1.2.1. intention:

2.1.2.1.1. support

2.1.2.1.2. intimacy

2.1.2.1.3. understanding

2.1.2.1.4. feelings

2.1.2.1.5. proposals

2.1.2.1.6. compromise

2.2. Language and Regional Variation

2.2.1. accent

2.2.1.1. phonetic aspects

2.2.1.1.1. different pronunciation

2.2.2. dialect

2.2.2.1. grammar, vocabulary

2.2.2.2. modern English dialects

2.2.2.2.1. North

2.2.2.2.2. South

2.2.3. Standard

2.2.3.1. the official dialect which most people understand

2.2.3.1.1. normally the dialect of people in power

2.2.3.2. so called "proper" English

2.2.4. a language is a dialect with an army

3. Psycho-/Neurolinguistics

3.1. understanding language

3.2. using/producing language

3.3. relationship between language and the brain

3.3.1. specific areas of the brain related to language functions

3.3.1.1. click on arrow to see source

3.3.1.1.1. Broca's area

3.3.1.1.2. Wernicke's area

3.3.1.1.3. Motor Cortex

3.3.1.1.4. Arcuate fasciculus

3.4. child language acquisition

3.4.1. language stages

3.4.1.1. birth

3.4.1.1.1. 'pre-language' stage

3.4.1.2. 6 weeks

3.4.1.2.1. cooing

3.4.1.3. 6 months

3.4.1.3.1. babbling

3.4.1.4. 8 months

3.4.1.4.1. intonation patterns

3.4.1.5. 10 months - 1 year

3.4.1.5.1. one-word stage

3.4.1.6. 1 1/2 years

3.4.1.6.1. two-word stage

3.4.1.7. 2 years

3.4.1.7.1. telegraphic speech, word inflections

3.4.1.8. 2 1/4 years

3.4.1.8.1. begin to pass through the three periods of speech production, use simple vocabulary

3.4.1.9. 5 years

3.4.1.9.1. basic language

3.4.1.10. 10 years

3.4.1.10.1. mature speech

3.4.2. specific table