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Plato Packet by Mind Map: Plato Packet
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Plato Packet

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Thrasymachus claims that the stronger people in society put the norms or the ordinary people for the purpose of supporting and promoting them.

Page 7: In the Laws, Plato constructs another ideal state. The rule of law is of more value than the absolute authority.

Plato's later dialogues are complicated. They include his most complex philosophical and logical views.

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Page 5 Just and in-just soul

Tyrants were the most unjust type of man and is ruled by his desire to fulufill the non-rational part. Injustice will torture a mans phsyce

A just soul will be happy, healthy and untroubled. "Justice is worthwhile for its own sake".

Plato was born in Athens in a wealthy aristocratic family in 428BC.

Socrates was his teacher, 30 years his senior

Socrates

Plato's primary objective in The Republic is to analyze and develop the idea of political justice, and then create a comparable idea of individual justice

In Books 2, 3, and 4, Plato identifies political justice as harmony in a structured political body.

Critical analysis - Is the analogy of a body to what politics realisitic? Are there better models?

Aporia

Importance: The people involved in the argument can go no further. They are at a loss of words and are in a state of helplessness

Page 1

The Republic Plato's most famous work. 32 books in all,

End of Book 4 - Plato shows that individual justice mirrors political justice.

The soul of every individual has three parts, just like society. A society is one that has good relations between each of its three groups: the producers (just like the desire of an individual, located in the stomach), auxiliaries (just like the spirit in an individual, located in the heart), and guardians (just like reason in an individual, located in the brain). Each one is dependent on the other, just like how the desire, the spirit, and reason fit together. Justice, according to Plato, is the ability of a person to specialize in the societal area he/she was born in, without interfering with other areas.

The world is divided into two realms; the visible (grasped by our senses), and the intelligible (grasped only by our minds). The visible world makes the universe we see around us, while the intelligible world is made up of what Plato called the Forms; changeless absolutes such as Goodness, beauty, redness, and sweetness that exist in a permanent relationship with the visible realm and make that realm possible.

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The form of good is literally translated as the idea of good and the source of all other forms, just like how the sun is viewed by the visible realm; big and full of light, full of "goodness".

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- born in Athens, 428 BC Father- last king of Athens Mother- Almost mythical Athenian lawgiver and author of the city's first constitution His brothers (Glaucon and Adeimantus) one of the main characters in the Republic. His father died during his childhood, so his mother remarried Pyrilampes.

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Aristotle attended the Academy

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Socratic method

Page 6

Finding a conclusion was not the goal of elenchus

Socrates leads Plato's thoughts with the shaping of his philosophy.

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The Allegory of The Cave

The Realms are what makes up reality.

Page 9:

The Sun, the Line and the Cave

The principle of specialization - Each member of society must play the role for which his nature best suits him and not meddle in any other business.

Plato's tripartite theory

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Thrasymachus (a Sophist) who viewed all actions as either advantageous or disadvantageous. "Justice is nothing but the advantage of the stronger."

Sophists believed that the law of morality isn't important instead a person should try to get away with breaking a law if it is advantageous to them.

People in power are the people who can define Justice in a particular moment

Page 11.

Justice is Worthwile

Book IX of the Republic

Plato compares the Form of Good to the sun.

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Appetite

Auxillary

Belief

Elenchus

Empirical

Epistemology

Form

Page 13

form of the good

Guardian

Hesiod

Imagination

instrumental reason

intelligible realm

Kallipolis

knowledge

metaphysics

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Opinion

Pleonexia

Producers

Reason

Sophists

Sensible particular

Specialization

Spirit

Thought

philosopher king

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Understanding

Tripartite soul

Visible Realm

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