Imperialism 27.1/27.2

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Imperialism 27.1/27.2 by Mind Map: Imperialism 27.1/27.2

1. Driving Forces in African Imperialism Sepcifically

1.1. European technological Superiority

1.1.1. Maxim Gun 1884 1st automatic machine gun

1.1.2. Africans relied on old weapons

1.1.3. Inventions Steam engine Easy travel Established bases deep in Africa Close communications Railroads Cables Steamships

2. Forms of Control

2.1. Colonial Control

2.1.1. Economic Imperialism

2.1.2. Sphere of Influence

2.1.3. Protectorate

2.1.4. Colony

2.2. Day-to-Day Management

2.2.1. Direct Control

2.2.2. Indirect Control Relied on existing rulers Local officials dealt with daily management

3. Driving Forces

3.1. Industrial Revolution

3.1.1. New markets

3.1.2. Raw materials

3.2. National Pride

3.2.1. Social Darwinism Social theory Fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success, superior to others Europeans, being superior saw it their duty to bring progress to other countries

3.3. Missionaries

3.3.1. Worked to convert Asia, Africa, and Pacific Islands to Christianity

3.3.2. Wanted to Westernize foreigners

4. Demoting Factors

4.1. Malaria

4.1.1. Carried in mosquitoes

4.1.2. Confined Euros to the African coasts

4.1.3. Quinine created in 1829

4.2. Variety of cultures and languages

4.2.1. Wars between ethnic groups trade rights land water

4.2.2. Discouraged unity

4.2.3. 3 major social groups Huasa-Fulani Yoruba Igbo

5. Berlin Conference: 1884-85

5.1. Rules for claiming lands created

5.1.1. Notify other countries

5.1.2. Prove to be able to control area

5.2. Called to prevent conflict

5.3. 14 European nations

5.4. No regard to African's wants

5.4.1. No African ruler called to meeting

5.4.2. Disregarded imaginary social divisions of different social groups within Africa

6. Congo

6.1. Sparked Interest in imperialism

6.2. David Livingstone

6.2.1. Missionary from Scotland

6.2.2. Never returned People thought he died Stanley found him King Leopold II became interested

7. 3 Groups clashed over South Africa

7.1. British

7.2. Dutch (Boers)

7.2.1. First to settle in South Africa

7.2.2. Took lands to make large farms

7.2.3. Great Trek

7.3. Africans

7.3.1. Zulus fought British invaders

7.3.2. Shaka Strong Zulu Chief Centralized state Military organization Disciplined warriors

7.3.3. Cetshwayo Zulu King Refused to accept British rule Lost at Battle of Ulundi Fell to British in 1887

8. Boer War

8.1. 1st total war

8.1.1. Commando raids

8.1.2. Guerrilla war tactics

8.1.3. Concentration Camps

8.2. British v. Boers

8.2.1. British won 1910 Boer Republic--> Self governing Union of South Africa

8.3. Boers Blamed British after a failed rebellion

8.3.1. Diamond and gold discoveries brought people from all over

8.3.2. Wanted to keep outsiders from gaining political righs

9. African Resistance

9.1. Maji-Maji rebellion

9.1.1. Spiritual defense

9.1.2. Resistance to Germans push to plant cotton

9.1.3. Magic water sprinkled on their bodies would protect them

9.1.4. 75,000 died Germans shaken Led to the push to make colonization more acceptable to Africans

9.2. Surprising military strength

9.2.1. Ultimately always failed

9.3. Ethiopia successful

9.3.1. Led by Menelik II Emperor in 1889 Signed treaty with Italy Accidentally agreed to a protectorate Declared war

10. Overall Negative Effects

10.1. Deaths from new diesase

10.2. Poor division of Africa

10.2.1. Improperly linked opposing social groups

10.2.2. Caused issues in nations that evolved from those colonies

10.3. Famines

10.4. Africans lost independance

10.5. Traditional cultural breakdown

10.6. Africans lost land

11. Overall Positive Effects

11.1. Reduced Local warfare

11.2. Provided hospitals and schools

11.2.1. Life spans increased

11.2.2. Literacy rates improved

11.3. Improved sanitation

11.4. Economic Expansion

11.4.1. African products available internationally

11.4.2. Railroads, dams, telephones, telegraph lines