The climate and the vegetation of Europe

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The climate and the vegetation of Europe by Mind Map: The climate and the vegetation of Europe

1. The warm climates

1.1. Atlantic climate

1.1.1. Is characteristic of all areas bathed by the Atlantic Ocean and central Europe. The temperature is warm in summer. They rain in all the seasons.

1.2. Mediterranean climate.

1.2.1. Is characteristic of all the areas bathed by the Mediterranean sea. The temperature there is hot in summer and mild in winter. Isn´t rain much.

1.3. Continental climate.

1.3.1. Is characteristic of the areas in East Europe. temperatures are high in summer and low in winter. The rains are in summer.

2. The cold climates

2.1. Polar climate.

2.1.1. You can found this climate in the North of Rusia and in the North of Nordic countries. The polar climate is the coldest climate in the world. The temperature are more or less -50º in winter and 10º in summer. Isn´t rain much.

2.2. Mountain climate.

2.2.1. You can found this climate in the highest mountains of Europe. The temperature is cold in winter and fresh in summer. There rain a lot.

3. The vegetation of Europe

3.1. Vegetation in warm areas

3.1.1. In ocean climate zones, meadows and forests are form of deciduous trees. In the plains with poor soils only grow grash. Are the moors.

3.1.2. In mediterranean climate zones mediterranean forest consist of evergreen trees.

3.1.3. In continental climate zones there are taiga forests consist of evergreen trees. In poor soils only grow grass.

3.2. Vegetation in cold climates

3.2.1. There are small vegetation. Only in the less cold grow mosses, lichens and small shrubs. This vegetation is called tundra.