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Changing the world in the network society by Mind Map: Changing the world in the network society
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Changing the world in the network society

Social movements are often triggered by emotions

anger increases the perception of an unjust action and the whose responsible

fear triggers anxiety --> avoidance of danger

fear is overcome by sharing and identifying with others through communicative actions

anger takes over --> risk-taking behaviour

when the process of communicative action induces collective actions and change is enacted --> enthusiasm takes over

enthusiastic networked individuals, having overcome fear, are transformed into conscious collective actors

Common characteristics of social movements

they are networked in multiple forms

they become a movement by occupying the urban space

movements are global and local at the same time

timeless time

usually the social movements are spontaneous in their origin, usually triggered by a spark of indignation

movements are viral

the transition from outrage of hope is accomplished by deliberation in the space of autonomy


the horizontality of networks supports cooperation and solidarity while undermining the need for formal leadership

highly self-reflective in nature

principally non-violent

they are rarely programmatic movements

they are very political in a fundamental sense

Internet and the culture of autonomy

The Internet and wireless networks are the technologies make the social movements in their current form possible

Yet, beyond it as a tool, it creates the conditions for a type of shared practice which allows a leaderless movement to survive and expand; if removed from a physical space, they organise online

The Internet and networked social movements share the culture of autonomy - the fundamental matrix of contemporary societies. The current social movements "embody the fundamental project of transforming people into subjects of their own lives by affirming their autonomy vis-a-vis the institutions of society"

--> Individuation: the cultural change that focuses individuals' behaviours.

next step --> Autonomy: "the capacity of a social actor to become a subject by defining its action around projects constructed independently of the institutions of society, according to the values and interests of the social actor"

The transformation goes through networking, by finding likeminded individuals for common cause. The Internet provided this possibility, through its embodiment of the 'culture of freedom'

Social networking sites connect people in multiple dimensions of their lives --> friendship/business/education/social-political activism. They are hybrid --> online and offline activities are complements

A study showed that "Internet use empowers people by increasing their feelings of security, personal freedom and influence: all feelings that have a positive effect on personal well-being."

The culture of freedom, enabled by the Internet, will allow individuals to change the mindset and thus the social structure and politics

Networked social movement and reform politics: An impossible love?

for social movements to have a lasting effect on the political system, politicians need to notice the influence of the movement on their own goals. though social movements' denial of the legitimacy of the political institutions makes it a difficult task

the networked social movement of this age reject the practice of representative democracy as it is today, making interaction between the movement and politics difficult

social change could ultimately come from a changing mindset of the people

"[T]he more the movement is able to convey its messages over the communication networks, the more citizen consciousness rises, and the more the public sphere of communication becomes a contested terrain, and the lesser will be the politicians' capacity to integrate demands and claims with mere cosmetic adjustments."