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General Information about Seoul Fortress Wall by Mind Map: General Information about
Seoul Fortress Wall
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General Information about Seoul Fortress Wall

Structure of Old Seoul city

All new building and roads, including Palaces, government office building etc

has been build within curtain wall

Road & Street

North-South axis, Sejongro, Donhwamuro, Namdaemunro

West-East axis, Chongno, Euljiro, Teugyero







Government office

Nobles residential area



Namdaemun Market

Dongdaemun Market

Guild & Factory

Army & Police

Servants & Soldier lived inside castle

Seoul Fortress Wall


King Taejo started to build

King Sejong continued to build and fix

King Sukjong fixed the destructed parts

Urban planning

construct new capital instead of Gyekyung, Korea Dynasty's capital

defend external attacks

designed the architect for new capital,, based on the philosophy of confucian and Fengshui, considering natural geographic features

Fortress Structure

built curtain wall along 4 Mountains's ridge line, Bukaksan, main anchor and Northern wall line, Inwangsan, Western wall line, Namsan, Southern wall line, Naksan, Eastern wall line, Big Lemon like, The wall runs 18.1 km

1 Bell Tower, Chongkag was built the center of Old Seoul

Wall gates, 4 Main gates, for transportation of people & products, 4 Small gates, subsidiary to Main Gates, 8 secret gates, transportation & War

Demolition & resortation

Modernization & colonization, Much of the old fortress wall has been torn down

realize Korean's identity & feel proud of Heritage, After succeeding in Industrializing, significant portions remain and others are being rebuilt

Tour tip

one of the best ways, to experience a conspicuous remant of Seoul's ancient past

Especially, Vista points on fortress wall will give you whole outlook on the center of Seoul

Geographic characteristic of Old Seoul

surrounded with moutains

2 Big mountains outside wall

4 mountains border of wall

many brooks

one main streams


many hills

Why I recommend you to see Seoul Fortress Wall before starting to trip to Seoul

You can get outlook over the center of Seoul

make tour plan

location of places or sights where you want to go

where your lodgement is located in Old capital area

for example

If you are in Itaewon, You are outside of Old Seoul

connectivity between places where you have been to

outside fortress wall where you want to go

Hongdae is located in western side of Old Seoul

Itaewon is located in southern of Old Seoul

Sights inside walls


Palaces was built in the point mountain back, in front of the water

Geongbukgung, Bukaksan

Changkyunggung, Eungbong

Gyungheegung, Inwangsan

Duksugung, Inwangsan

Historical sites


Seoul Munmyo


Wall Gates

Sung rae mun

Heung in ji mun

Vista Point

North to South, Baegak bong, Malbawi

East to West, Inwangsan

West to East, Naksan

South to North, Namsan photo island

Villages & market


Sejong Village



Namdaemun Market

Namsan Hanok Village



Gwanghwamun Square



Westernized Historical site

Myungdong Catheral

Englican church

Chungdong church