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Educational Technology by Mind Map: Educational
Technology
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Educational Technology

"Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources."

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Facilitating Learning

Learning Theories

Behavorism, Stimuli, responses, & reinforcers, 1960-1970: Teaching Machines & Programmed Instruction, Programmed Tutoring, Practice Exercises, Social Reinforcers, Coaching, Direct Instruction, Scripted, Small Group, Fast, Constant Interaction Student/Teacher, Personalized System of Instruction (PSI), Sequential Units, Learner moves at their own pace, Competency Test to move on, Immediate Remediation

Cognitivism, Explain internal mental function through scientific methods, Use memory & thought processes to generate strategies, store & manipulate mental representations & ideas, Piaget's Theory, assimilation, accomadation, Information Processing Theory, learning as a series of transformations through mental processes, focuses on how information is stored in memory, Schema Theory, Memory is stored in changeable, abstract structures, Neuroscience

Constructivism, Knowledge is Created by the Learner, Contructivist Presciptions, real-world , complex, & relevant environments, social negotiation, multiple perspectives & modes of representation, ownership in learning, self-awareness of learning process, Situated Cognition, Context Specific, Anchored Instruction, Creates a Context (or anchor) for Learning, Problem-based Learning, First hand involvement in problem solving, Collaborative Learning, Can frustrate novice learners bc of mental overload, Best for complex or advance learning goals

Eclectic Perspective, Combines principles from different theories, Chose principles based on task & learner, Learner Centered

Informal Learning, Websites, Media, Everyday Life

Beginning of Educational Technology

Soft Technology

Framework

Computer-Assisted Instruction

Mostly drill & practice

Computer program adapts to user's answers

Presentation

Organization of Content

Audiovisual Media

Stimulate multiple senses

Visual Literacy

Learning Styles

Visual

Auditory

Digital Multimedia

Presentation of information in multiple forms

Meaningful, comprehensible, memorable, & appealing

Phases of Presentation

Gaining & Focusing Attention

Linking Prior Knowledge

Organizing Content

Assimilating new Knowledge

Strengthening Retention & Transfer of New Knowledge

Engaged Learning