Ecology Themes

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Ecology Themes by Mind Map: Ecology Themes

1. Adaptations

1.1. Physiological

1.1.1. process inside the cells of an organism that helps it to survive

1.2. Structural

1.2.1. Physical feature of an organism that helps it to live

1.3. Behavioural

1.3.1. Some activity or response to changes in the environment that helps an organism to live

1.4. Habitat

1.4.1. Species

1.4.1.1. Ecological niche

2. Populations

2.1. Growth Curve

2.1.1. Carrying capacity

2.2. Age Distribution

2.2.1. e.g. reproductive age

2.2.2. Mortality

2.2.2.1. Death rate

2.2.3. Natality

2.2.3.1. Birth rate

2.2.4. Migration

2.2.4.1. Immigration

2.2.4.1.1. Coming in

2.2.4.2. Emigration

2.2.4.2.1. Leaving

2.2.5. Survivorship curve

2.3. Population Density

2.3.1. Population structure

2.3.2. Density dependent factors

2.3.3. Density independent factors

3. Community Patterns

3.1. Succession

3.1.1. Climax forest

3.1.2. Pioneering Species

3.1.3. Secondary Succession

3.1.4. Primary Succession

3.1.5. Nitrogen fixing

3.1.5.1. Fertile

3.2. Stratification

3.2.1. Canopy Layer

3.3. Zonation

4. Inter-relationships

4.1. Intra-specific

4.2. Inter-specific

4.2.1. Competition

4.2.1.1. -/-

4.2.2. Predation

4.2.2.1. +/-

4.2.3. Commensalism

4.2.3.1. +/+

4.2.4. Herbivory

4.2.5. Antibiosis

4.2.6. Amensalism

4.2.7. Parasitism

4.2.7.1. +/-

5. Energy Flow

5.1. Trophic Level

5.1.1. Food Chain

5.1.1.1. Food Web

5.1.1.2. Pyramid of Biomass

5.1.1.3. Pyramid of Numbers

5.1.2. Energy lost through respiration

5.1.3. Producer

5.1.3.1. Photosynthesis

5.1.4. Primary consumer

5.1.5. Secondary Consumer

6. Biodiversity

6.1. Biological control

6.1.1. Pests

6.1.1.1. Introduced/exotic species

6.1.1.1.1. e.g. possums

6.1.2. Parasite

6.1.3. Predators

6.1.4. Selective browsers

6.2. Sustainable management

6.2.1. Conservation

6.2.1.1. Native/Indigenous species

6.2.1.1.1. e.g. Kiwi

6.2.2. Revegetation

7. New node